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R1a Haplogroup

R1a Haplogroup distribution map

This haplogroup originated around 25000 BC to 22000 BC in the populations of Eastern European Hunter-Gatherers connected genetically to Ancient North Eurasians.

The earliest subclades R1a-Z645 and R1a-Z283 are associated with the Corded Ware Culture.

R1a-Z93 is associated with the Fatyanovo-Balanovo Culture and later with the Sintashta Culture and the Andronovo Culture that are ancestral to the Indo-Iranians.

R1a-M558 and R1a-Z92 are associated with the Indo-European Corded Ware Culture population in Estonia, Karelia and Finland.

R1a-M458 and R1a-Z280 are associated with the Slavic continuum in the Lusatian Culture of ancient Poland, Slovakia and Moravia. Y-DNA haplogroup R1a-V2670 (R1a-CTS3402 from R1a-CTS1211/R1a-M558 and R1a-Z280) was already found in S9 burial dated to 2560 BC - 2290 BC from Somogyvár-Vinkovci Culture in West Hungary[1].

R1a-Z284 travelled to Scandinavia to give rise to the late Nordic Bronze Age.

92% (11 out of 12) of all the paternal lines of Tarim mummies' male remains surveyed as Y-DNA haplogroup R1a1a[2]. The other 1 belonged to the exceptionally rare paragroup K* (M9). The R1a1 lineage suggests a proximity of this population with Andronovo Culture related groups. Tarim mummies were also found to be genetically closer to the Andronovo Culture than to the Yamna Culture or Afanasevo Culture.

The R1a-M417 has been detected in the following percentages of all Y-DNA haplogroups in those populations:

  1. Kyrgyz: 63.5%
  2. Sorbians: 63%
  3. Russians (Oryol): 62.7%
  4. Poles: 60%
  5. Russians (Voronezh): 59.7%
  6. Belarusians: 50%
  7. Northern Indians: 48-72%
  8. Russians: 46%
  9. Lithuanians: 45%
  10. Pashtuns: 40-45%
  11. Ukrainians: 41.5%
  12. Latvians: 40%
  13. Estonians: 37%
  14. Norwegians: 31%
  15. Hungarians: 30%
  16. Tajiks: 30%
  17. Slovaks: 26%
  18. Icelanders: 24%
  19. Germans (Berlin): 22.3%
  20. Greeks (Thrace): 22%
  21. Greeks (North): 19%
  22. Uzbeks: 18%
  23. Iranians: 15%
  24. Kurds: 10%
  25. Finns: 10%
  26. Albanians: 9%
  27. Germans (West): 8%
  28. Greeks (South): 2%
  29. Irish: 0.5%