Indo-European Connection LogoINDO-EUROPEAN  CONNECTIONIndo-European Connection Logo
Indo-European Connection LogoIndo-European Connection LogoIndo-European Connection LogoINDO-EUROPEAN  CONNECTIONIndo-European Connection LogoIndo-European Connection LogoIndo-European Connection Logo

R1b Haplogroup

R1b Haplogroup distribution map

The R1b-M269 subclade of this haplogroup is associated with the yamna Culture and its derivation in Asia named Afanasievo Culture.

Published works indicate that R1b was a predominant haplogroup from the late Neolithic to the early Bronze Age, notably in the Bell Beaker and Yamnaya cultures. Nearly 100% of the tested Afanasievo men belonged to the R1b1a1a (R1b-P297) subhaplogroup and at least three of them to the R1b-L23 (xM412) subclade.

R1b was detected in two male skeletons from a German Bell Beaker site dated to 2600 BC – 2500 BC at Kromsdorf, one of which tested positive for R1b-M269 but negative for its U106 subclade, while for the other skeleton the R1b-M269 test was unclear. A later Bell Beaker male skeleton from Quedlinburg, Germany dated to 2296 BC – 2206 BC tested positive for R1b-M269-P312 subclade.

Almost 30% of R1b in Norway and Scandinavia can be "seen" through the Celtic and Italic or rather Unetice Culture influence. Unetice can be seen as the source of future Germanic, Celtic and Italic cultures and is associated mainly with the L11 subclade of R1b. The late expanded to Scandinavia, founding the Nordic Bronze Age around 1700 BC. R1a-L664, R1b-L11, R1b-U106 (Bell Beaker) presumably reached Scandinavia around this time.

The Basque R1b is the descendant of R1b-M269 (R1b1a1b), which was found to be common among the Yamnaya population. It could mean that around 2800 BC males from the Bell Beaker Culture or 1000 BC Celtic males were taken to the Basque community and their children spoke the Hunther-Gatherer and European Farmer Basque language instead of a centum dialect of Indo-European.

More than 30% of modern day Armeninans belong to a haplogroup R1b-L23.

18.5% of Albanian males belong to the subclade R1b1b2 (R1b-M269). Most of the Albanian R1b comes from the Yamnaya dervied R1b-Z2103 (BY611) subclade.

One sample from the Varna Culture belonged to R1b-V88. Another burial from this culture from around 4600 BC - 4200 BC known as "The Golden Man", with the largest gold collection found in prehistoric Europe belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup T-M184.

Even older samples of R1b in Europe were found for example in Vlasac, Serbia from around 7720 BC (VLASA32, R1b1)[1], 12000 BC Villabruna 1 (I9030) Western Hunter-Gatherer found in the Epigravettian Culture setting in the Cismon valley in Veneto, Italy belonged to R1b1a[2], 7500 BC - 4000 BC males from Kunda and Narva cultures from Zvejneki, Latvia carried the R1b1b and R1b1a1a (R1b-P297, brotherly to R1b-M269) haplogroups, and mtDNA U5a, U2e, U4 (45000 years old in Europe).

A list below shows the decreasing percentage of R1b in the whole male population of the following nations:

  1. Basques: 85%
  2. Irish: 81%
  3. Bretons: 80%
  4. Welsh: 74%
  5. Scots: 72%
  6. Spanish: 69%
  7. English: 67%
  8. Belgians: 61%
  9. French: 58%
  10. Portugalians: 56%
  11. Swiss: 50%
  12. Corsicans: 49%
  13. Bashkirs: 47%
  14. Germans: 44%
  15. Icelanders: 42%
  16. Danish: 33%
  17. Norwegians: 32%
  18. Austrians: 32%
  19. Czech: 28%
  20. Swedish: 22%
  21. Vlachs: 21%
  22. Hungarians: 19%
  23. Turkish: 16%
  24. Albanians: 16%
  25. Greeks: 15%
  26. Romanians: 15%
  27. Slovakians: 15%
  28. Polish: 13%
  29. Latvians: 12%
  30. Bulgarians: 11%
  31. Iranians: 10%
  32. Estonians: 8%
  33. Ukrainians: 8%
  34. Russians: 6%
  35. Lithuanians: 5%
  36. Finnish: 3%