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R1b Haplogroup

R1b Haplogroup distribution map

This haplogroup is associated with the yamna Culture and its derivation in Asia named Afanasievo Culture.

Published works indicate that R1b was a predominant haplogroup from the late Neolithic to the early Bronze Age, notably in the Bell Beaker and Yamnaya cultures. Nearly 100% of the tested Afanasievo men belonged to the R1b1a1a subhaplogroup and at least three of them to the L23 (xM412) subclade.

More than 30% of modern day Armeninans belong to a haplogroup R1b-L23.

R1b was detected in two male skeletons from a German Bell Beaker site dated to 2600 – 2500 BC at Kromsdorf, one of which tested positive for R1b-M269 but negative for its U106 subclade, while for the other skeleton the R1b-M269 test was unclear. A later Bell Beaker male skeleton from Quedlinburg, Germany dated to 2296 – 2206 BC tested positive for R1b-M269-P312 subclade.

One sample from Varna Culture is R1b-V88. Another burial from this culture called "The Golden Man", with the largest gold collection found in prehistoric Europe, is identified as haplogroup T-M184.

  1. Basques: 85%
  2. Irish: 81%
  3. Bretons: 80%
  4. Welsh: 74%
  5. Scots: 72%
  6. Spanish: 69%
  7. English: 67%
  8. Belgians: 61%
  9. French: 58%
  10. Portugalians: 56%
  11. Swiss: 50%
  12. Corsicans: 49%
  13. Bashkirs: 47%
  14. Germans: 44%
  15. Icelanders: 42%
  16. Danish: 33%
  17. Norwegian: 32%
  18. Austrian: 32%
  19. Czech: 28%
  20. Swedish: 22%
  21. Vlachs: 21%
  22. Hungarians: 19%
  23. Turkish: 16%
  24. Albanians: 16%
  25. Greeks: 15%
  26. Romanians: 15%
  27. Slovakians: 15%
  28. Polish: 13%
  29. Latvians: 12%
  30. Bulgarians: 11%
  31. Iranians: 10%
  32. Estonians: 8%
  33. Ukrainians: 8%
  34. Russians: 6%
  35. Lithuanians: 5%
  36. Finnish: 3%

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