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DAUGHTER

indo-european daughter icon

Estonian, Finnish, Veps and Votic form of this word "tutar" appears to be the oldest either because of borrowing from or Corded Ware Culture in Estonia and Southern Finland. It is the same as Hittite and Luwian oldest forms "duttar-".

Note that the languages that lack a reflex of the original word for a "daughter" and those are: Latin, Welsh, Irish, Latvian also lack the corresponding word for a "son".


TUT- DUT-

---> Estonian: tütar

---> Finnish: tytär

---> Veps: tütär

---> Votic: tütär

---> Ingrian: tüär

Hittite: duttariyatiyas ("of a daughter")

Luwian: duttariyatis, tú-wa-tar (tuwatar) (acc. sg.)

Celtiberian: duatir, tuateros (genitive singular)


FUT-

Oscan: 𐌚𐌖𐌕𐌝𐌓 (futír)


TUK- TUG- DUK-

Mycenaean Greek: tu-ka-te (tukate)

Ancient Greek: θυγάτηρ (thugátēr)

Homeric Greek: θύγατρα (thúgatra) (acc.)

Greek: θυγατέρα (thygatéra)

Laconian Greek: συγάτηρ (sugátēr)

Gaulish: duxtīr

Lithuanian: duktė

Old Prussian: duckti

Avestan: dugǝdar-

Younger Avestan: duγδar (dugdar)


DUS-

Old Church Slavonic: дъщи ⰴⱏⱋⰻ (dŭšti)

Old Armenian: դուստր (dustr)

Armenian: դուստր (dustr)


DUH-

Sanskrit: दुहितृ (dúhitṛ)

Hindi: दुहितृ (duhitŕ)

Middle Persian: dwht' (duht), dwhtl' (duhtar)

Northern Kurdish: duh-, duht-

Pali: duhitā

Gothic: 𐌳𐌰𐌿𐌷𐍄𐌰𐍂 (dauhtar)

Luxembourgish: Duechter


DAH-

Gothic: 𐌳𐌰𐌿𐌷𐍄𐌰𐍂 (dauhtar)


DOH- TOH-

Persian: دخت‎ (doht), دختر‎ (dohtar)

Proto-Norse: ᛞᛟᚺᛏᚱᛁᛉ (dohtriz) ("daughters")

Old English: dohtor

Middle English: dohter

Old Saxon: dohtar

Old Dutch: dohter

Scots: dochter

Old Frisian: dochter

Föhr Frisian: doochter

Mooring Frisian: doochter

Saterland Frisian: Dochter

West Frisian: dochter

Middle Low German: dochter

German Low German: Dochter

Middle Dutch: dochter

Dutch: dochter

Old High German: tohter

Middle High German: tohter

German: Tochter

Alemannic German: Tochter


DOT-

Old Norse: dóttir

Icelandic: dóttir

Faroese: dóttir

Norwegian Nynorsk: dotter

Old Swedish: dōttir

Swedish: dotter

English: daughter

Northern Kurdish: do-, dot-

Central Kurdish: دۆ‎ (dō)


DOC-

Russian: дочь (dočʹ), до́чка (dóčka)

Ukrainian: дочка́ (dočká)

Old Novgorodian: доци (doci)


DAT-

Norwegian Bokmål: datter

Danish: datter


DAC-

Belarusian: дачка́ (dačká)


DAS-

Bulgarian: дъщеря́ (dǎšterjá), ще́рка (štérka)


DOG-

Afrikaans: dogter


DOU-

Middle English: douȝter

Middle English: doughter


DU-

Sinhalese: දුව (duva)

Old Marathi: धुवा (dhuvā)

Maharastri Prakrit: dhūā

Southern Kurdish: دۊیەت‎ (düyat)

Sogdian: (/d(u)gut/)

Chorasmian: δγd (dgd)


DHI-

Sauraseni Prakrit: dhīdā

Hindi: धिया (dhiyā)

Punjabi: ਧੀ (dhī)


SAT-

Tsakonian: σάτη (sati)


DC-

Old Czech: dci

Czech: dcera, dcerka

Old Polish: dca, dcora

Slovak: dcéra, dcérka

Russian: дщерь (dščerʹ)


C-

---> Erzya: цёра (cjora) ("son")

---> Moksha: цёра (cjora) ("guy, young man")

Tocharian A: ckācar

Kalasha: čhu

Polish: córa, córka

Belarusian: цо́рка (córka), цу́рка (cúrka)


K-

Macedonian: ќерка (ḱerka)

Serbo-Croatian: кћи̑, ћи̑, кће̑р, ће̑р, кће́рка, ће́рка, хћи, хћер; kćȋ, ćȋ, kćȇr, ćȇr, kćérka, ćérka, hći, hćer


TK-

Tocharian B: tkācer


HC-

Slovene: hčȋ, hčẹ̑r, čí, hčérka, hčera


OtHer

Pashto: لور‎ (lur)

Bactrian: λογδα (logda), λογδο (logdo)

Laki: دت‎ (dit)

Lycian: kbatra


Article published on the 30th of October 2018.