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THUNDER GOD

Thunder God icon

He is a son of MOTHER EARTH and SKY FATHER. Thunder God usually carries an axe, a hammer, a mace or a sword.

He is the one that sends the rain and makes agriculture possible. The most important tree connected to him is an oak. Latin word for oak - "quercus" might also be related to the reconstructed Italo-Celtic form "*perkus", cognate to Punjabi "ਪਰਗਾਇ (pargāī)" meaning "holm oak" and Ancient Greek "φηγός (phēgós)" - "oak". His holy day is Thursday, the fourth day of the week and holiday connected to him is Midsummer celebration.

He is the destroyer of the MIGHTY SERPENT.


Vedic: इन्द्र (Indra) Devendra

Finnish: Perkele

Norse: Fjörgynn (*Piörkunn) ("Odin")

Norse: Fjörgyn ("Mother of Thor")

Polish: Piorun

Russian: Перун (Pierun)

Moravian and Slovak: Peron

Albanian: Perëndi Prende

Latvian: Pērkons

Lithuanian: Perkūnas

Etruscan: Hercle (son of Sky Father and Mother Earth, most probably from *Pherkle) Heracle (Pherakle)

Mordvin and Erzya: Pur’ginepaz

Vedic: पर्जन्य (Parjánya, Pardžania, Парджанья)

Old Prussian: Parcuns

Jatvingian: Pjarkus

Sudovian: Parkuns

Luwian: Tarḫunz

Hittite: Tarḫunna

Celtic: Taranis

Lycian: Trqqas/Trqqiz (Trkkas/Trkkiz)

Estonian: Taara Tooru Tharapita Tarapitha

Sami: Thora Galles

Norse: Þórr

German: Donar

English: Þunor

Getae: Gebeleizis

Thracian: Zibelthiurdos Zibelthurdos Zbelsurdos

Greek: Zeus

Roman: Jupiter Summanus Fulgora

Greek: Αστραπη (Astrapē) ("Lightning")

Greek: Βροντη (Brontē) ("Thunder")

Ancient Greek: κεραυνός (keraunós) ("thunderbolt", related to *peraunos)

Polabian: Schweta, Šveta ("Lightning")


Latin word "percello (perkello)" means "I beat down, I overturn or upset, I strike or smite, I overthrow" and Old Armenian "հարկանեմ (harkanem, from *parkanem)" means "to hit". This is the most similar Indo-European word to Finnish "Perkele" which is thought to be the original name of the Finnish Thunder God "Ukko". Ukkonen is the Finnish word for thunder and is the diminutive form of the name Ukko. Ukonkirves meaning "Ukko's axe" is the same as Lithuanian "Perkuno kirvis" meaning "Perkun's axe".

Luwian Tarḫunz could then come from original Parkuns. Exactly that name "Parkuns" was mentioned in a Sudovian Book describing pagan Baltic Sudovians and their Thunder God. Lycian form of his name "Trkkas" proves that this middle H is indeed connected to K. If we also change initial T to P we get "Prkkas". Personal names referring to Tarḫunz, like "Trokondas", are attested into Roman times. Jupiter Dolichenus represented this Anatolian Thunder God later on.

Taranis was associated, as was the cyclops Brontes ("thunderer") from Greek mythology, with the wheel. Brontes was also a child of Gaia (MOTHER EARTH).

Latin word "procella (prokella)" means simply "thunderstorm", while Finnish "ukkonen" has the same meaning. From a lingustic point of view interesting seems that other Latin word for storm "tempestās" ends with a nominative ending "-ās" so common in modern Lithuanian language.

Horagalles or Thora Galles is a Sami Thunder God. He is also the god of the sky, the rainbow, weather, oceans, lakes and rules over human life, health and wellbeing. He punishes "hurtful demons" or "evil spirits" (trolls) who frequent the rocks and mountains, he destroys them with his lightning, shoots them with his bow, or dashes their brains out with his hammer. The rainbow is his bow called "Aijeke dauge".

When Semele asked Zeus to show her his true godlike form he appeared to her as pure lightning and stroke her dead.


In the language of Polabian Drevans recorded in 1795 by Jan Potocki the name for Thursday is Perunktao.