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YOKE

indo-european yoke with two white cows used for ploughing yoga icon

English word "join" is related to "yoke" because both of those words come from the same root. They are also connected to a process or an idea of joining two animals together with a piece of wood and then using them for ploughing.

What is even more interesting is that the word "Yoga" also comes from this idea.


IUK- IUG-

Hittite: iukan

Old Saxon: juk

Gothic: 𐌾𐌿𐌺 (juk)

Gothic: 𐌾𐌿𐌺𐌿𐌶𐌹 (jukuzi)

Saterland Frisian: Juk

West Frisian: jûk

Middle Low German: juk

Middle Dutch: juc

Dutch: juk

Kurdish: cûk (ǰūk)

Bulgarian: югавица (jugavica)

Latvian: jugs

Latvian: jugt ("to join together")

Manichaean: ywg (juğ)

Middle Persian: ywg (juğ)

Latin: iugum

Bengali: যুগ (jug)

Persian: یوغ‎ (yuğ)

Hindi: युग (yug)

Marathi: युग (yug)

Sanskrit: युग (yugá)

Spanish: yugo

Telugu: yugamu

English: jugular

Old French: jug

Portuguese: jugo

Romanian: jug

Kashubian: jugò

Gaulish: ver-iugus

Slovincian: jugo


LUC-

Old Armenian: լուծ (luc)

Armenian: լուծ (luc)


-UK- -UG-

Old Swedish: uk

Gutnish: uk

Elfdalian: uok

Ancient Greek: δυγός (dugós)

Ancient Greek: ζυγόν (zugón)

Ancient Greek: ζεύγνυμι (zeúgnumi)

  • to yoke, saddle, bridle a beast of burden = horses, cattle, mules
  • to get a chariot ready
  • to have one's beasts yoked
  • to fasten tightly
  • to join in wedlock
  • to build a bridge from bank to bank
  • to furnish ships with crossbenches
  • to pair gladiators

Ancient Greek: ζυγός (zugós)

Greek: ζυγός (zygós)

Assamese: যোগ (züg) ("meditation, yoga")


ZU-

Konkani: जु (zu)

French: joug (ju, žu)

Pashto: جوغ‎ (źuǧ)


JU-

Avestan: yuua (found only in compounds)

Younger Avestan: yujiieiti‎ ("to yoke, harness")

Kalasha: ǰu

Torwali: يو‎ (yū)

Maharastri Prakrit: jua

Marathi: जुंव (juuv), जुवाली (juvālī)

Hindi: जूआ (jūā)

Nepali: जुवा (juwā)

Urdu: جوا‎ (jūā)

Aromanian: giug

Romansh: giuf

Sicilian: giugu, jugu, juvu

Sardinian: giú, giubu, giuu, giuvu, yuu


IUH-

Czech: juhana

Old High German: jūh

Middle High German: jiuch


IUNG-

Lithuanian: jungas

Lithuanian: jungti ("to join together")

Latin: iungo ("I join")

Portuguese: junguir, jungir, juntar ("to join")

Sanskrit: युनक्ति (yunakti), युन्जन्ति (yunjanti) ("to yoke, harness, join")


-UN- -UM-

Italian: giungere, giuntare ("to join")

Spanish: juntar, uncir, juncer, junger ("to join")

Sicilian: jùnciri ("to join")

Catalan: junyir, júnyer ("to join")

Pali: yuñjati ("to yoke, harness")

Asturian: xuncir, xuntar ("to join")

Maharastri Prakrit: juṃjaï ("to yoke, harness")

Marathi: जुंपणे (jumpṇe) ("to yoke, make work")

Galician: xunguir, xuntar ("to join")


-ING-

Old Irish: cuing

Irish: cuing

Manx: quing

Scottish Gaelic: cuing ("yoke, bond, obligation, restraint, hinderance, stoppage, captivity, strait, difficulty")


IG- IK-

---> Estonian: ike

Old Church Slavonic: иго ⰹⰳⱁ (igo)

Macedonian: иго (igo)

Serbo-Croatian: и́го, igo, jìgo, Ig

Old East Slavic: иго (igo)

Russian: и́го (igo)

Bulgarian: и́го (igo), иг (ig)

Polish: igo, Igołomia

Slovene: igọ̑, jigo, jəhû, igev

Kashubian: jigò, jigoe, jigø

Slovincian: vjīgɵ, i̯igᵘó


IH-

Belarusian: і́га (iha)

Ukrainian: і́го (iho), и́́го (ý́ho)

Czech: jho

Old Slovak: jho

Slovak: jho


IOK- IOG-

---> Chinese: 瑜伽 (MC jɨo ɡɨɑ) ("physical, mental, and spiritual practice or discipline")

Old English: ioc, ġioc, ġeoc

Middle English: ȝok, yok

Scots: ȝok, ȝoke, ȝock, ȝocke, yok, yoke

English: yoke

West Frisian: jok

Middle Dutch: joc

Middle Low German: jok

Low German: Jok, Jog

Persian: جغ‎ (joğ)

Sanskrit: योग (yóga, yauga)

  • the act of yoking, joining, attaching, harnessing, putting to (of horses)
  • any junction, union, combination, contact with
  • mixing of various materials, mixture
  • connection, relation
  • application or concentration of the thoughts, abstract contemplation, meditation
  • the union of soul with matter
  • the connection of a word with its root, original or etymological meaning
  • equipping or arraying

Pali: yoga ("meditation, yoga")

Bengali: যোগ (jog) ("meditation, yoga")

Gujarati: યોગ (yog) ("meditation, yoga")

Hindi: योग (yog) ("meditation, yoga")

Konkani: योग (yog) ("meditation, yoga")

Marathi: योग (yog) ("meditation, yoga")

Tamil: யோகா (yōkā) ("meditation, yoga")

Telugu: yōgā ("meditation, yoga")

Punjabi: ਯੋਗ (yog) ("meditation, yoga")


OK- OG-

Old Norse: ok

Icelandic: ok

Faroese: ok

Norwegian: åk

Old Swedish: ok

Swedish: ok

Danish: åg

Norwegian Nynorsk: øyk ("draft animal")

Norwegian Bokmål: øyk, øk ("draft animal")

Helsingian: ök ("draft animal")

Old Swedish: øker, øk ("draft animal")

Swedish: ök ("draft animal")

Old Danish: øk, øgh ("draft animal")

Scanian: ǿg ("draft animal")

Danish: øg ("draft animal")


IOH-

Old High German: joh

Middle High German: joch

German: Joch

Plautdietsch: Joch


IAH-

Luxembourgish: Jach


IEU- IEV-

Middle Breton: yeu

Cornish: yew

Breton: yev


IES-

---> Finnish: ies

---> Ingrian: iez


IEG-

Polabian: jeiǧǘ, jeigü


IEO-

Middle Breton: ieo


JO-

Italian: giogo (dʒoɡo, džiogo)

Occitan: jo

Friulian: jôf, jôv

Catalan: jou

English: join

French: joindre, jointer ("to join")

Ladin: jonjer ("to join")

Occitan: jónher ("to join")

Old Welsh: iou

Bengali: জোয়াল (joyal)


-ON-

Friulian: zontâ ("to join")

Venetian: xónxer, xontar (zonzer, zontar) ("to join")

Galician: xoncer ("to join")


OtHer

Welsh: iau

Pashto: جغ‎ (źëǧ, juǧ), ځغ‎ (źeǧ), زغ‎ (zëǧ)

Dalmatian: zaug

Aragonese: chubo

Galician: xugo

Asturian: xugu

Walloon: djeu

Venetian: dóvo, dógo, xóo, dóo

Old Norse: eykr ("draft animal")

Westrobothnian: auk ("draft animal")


Article created on the 7th of November 2018.


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