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indo-european video veda vedic wiedza widzieć videti icon

This Indo-European phrase means both "to see" and "to know".

Sanskrit "ऋग्वेद (Rigveda)" means "the knowledge of Hymns" and vedic times mean "the times of knowledge". That is because "veda" simply means "knowledge" just like in Slavic languages or in Scanian language.



Mycenaean Greek: wi-de (wide)

Latin: videō, vidēre

Italic South Picene: videtas ("you see")

Old Church Slavonic: видѣти (viděti)

Slovene: vídeti

Czech: vidět

Russian: ви́деть (vídetʹ)

Slovak: vidieť

Serbo-Croatian: ви̏дјети, ви̏дети, vȉdjeti, vȉdeti

Belarusian: ві́дзець (vídzjecʹ)

Kashubian: widzec

Polish: widzieć

Upper Sorbian: widźeć

Aromanian: videari

Sardinian: vìdere

English: vide, video

Ido: vidar

Sanskrit: अविदत् (ávidat)

Old Avestan: vīdat̰

Rusyn: відїти (vidjity)

Bulgarian: ви́дя (vídja)

Macedonian: ви́ди (vídi)

Istriot: vidi

Ukrainian: ви́діти (výdity)

Latin: vīdī ("have seen")

Sicilian: vìdiri, vidiri, viriri

Old Church Slavonic: видъ ⰲⰹⰴⱏ (vidŭ) ("sight, view")

Old East Slavic: видъ (vidŭ) ("sight, view")

Belarusian: від (vid) ("sight, view")

Russian: вид (vid) ("sight, view")

Ukrainian: вид (vyd) ("sight, view")

Bulgarian: вид (vid) ("sight, view")

Macedonian: вид (vid) ("sight, view")

Serbo-Croatian: ви̑д vȋd ("sight, view")

Chakavian: vȋd ("sight, view")

Slovene: vȋd ("sight, view")

Czech: vid ("sight, view")

Slovak: vid ("sight, view")

Polish: widok ("sight, view")

Old Prussian: widdai ("view, sight, image, picture")


Sardinian: biri, bìdere, bìere


Sanskrit: वेत्तृ (véttṛ), वेदितृ (véditṛ) ("one who has seen, one who knows, witness")

Occitan: véder

Neapolitan: vedè

Piedmontese: vëdde

Romanian: vedea, vedere

Aromanian: ved

Corsican: vede

Dalmatian: vedar

Istro-Romanian: ved, vedu

Italian: vedere

Venetian: védar, véder

Old French: vedeir

Latvian: viedēt

Lithuanian: veizdėti

Latvian: veids ("face, appearance, look")

Lithuanian: veidas ("face, appearance, look")

Ancient Greek: εἶδον (eîdon) (from weidon?)

  • to see, behold, perceive
  • to look at, observe
  • to see a person, to meet, speak with them
  • to see, experience, become acquainted with
  • to look at or towards
  • to see mentally, to perceive
  • to examine, investigate


Old Portuguese: veer

Portuguese: ver

Galician: ver

Gallo: vér'

Leonese: vere

Spanish: ver

Asturian: ver

Franco-Provençal: vêre

Old French: veoir, veir

Occitan: veire


Mirandese: ber


Old Occitan: vezer

Occitan: véser

Romansch: vesair, veser


Extremaduran: vel


Sanskrit: विन्दति (vindáti) ("to know, understand, find, to mind, observe")

Middle Persian: wyndynd

Parthian: wyndyd

Old Avestan: vīnastī

Younger Avestan: vinasti

Greek: βίντεο (vínteo)


Kurdish: bîn-


Lower Sorbian: wiźeś

Latin: vīsor ("one who has seen, one who knows, witness")

Boeotian Greek: ϝίστωρ (wístōr) ("one who has seen, one who knows, witness")


Ancient Greek: ἴστωρ (ístōr), ἵστωρ (hístōr) ("one who has seen, one who knows, witness")


Lithuanian: vaizdas ("view, sight, image, picture")


Romansch: vaseir, vaser, vzair


French: voir

Bourguignon: voi

Friulian: viodi

Catalan: vore


Walloon: vey

Aragonese: veyer

Romansch: veir

English: view

Norman: veî


Aragonese: beyer


Catalan: veure


Walloon: vir



Avestan: vaēd, vaēδ

Old Church Slavonic: вѣдѣти (věděti)

Old East Slavic: вѣдѣти (věděti)

Slovene: védeti

Serbo-Croatian: vedeti (Kajkavian)

Slovak: vedieť

Czech: vědět

Kashubian: wiedzec

Polish: wiedzieć

Upper Sorbian: wědźeć

Polabian Drevani: wedanze

Russian: ве́дать (védatʹ)

Belarusian: ве́даць (vjédacʹ)

Scanian: veda

Lithuanian: veiždėti


Sanskrit: वेत्ति (vetti)

Middle Low German: wēten, wetten

German Low German: wetten, wieten

Middle Dutch: wēten

Dutch: weten

Afrikaans: weet

German Low German: Weet ("knowledge, reason, understanding")

Swedish: vett ("knowledge, reason, understanding")

Westrobothnian: vet ("knowledge, reason, understanding")

Old Swedish: vēt ("knowledge, reason, understanding")

Saterland Frisian: wiete

Limburgish: weite, wiete


Polish: wiesz ("you know")

Saterland Frisian: wies

German Low German: wies

Westmünsterländisch: wiese


Central Franconian: wesse

Luxembourgish: wëssen

Lower Sorbian: wěźeś


German: weise

Plautdietsch: weis

Sauerländisch: weyse


Ukrainian: ві́дати (vídaty)

Sanskrit: विद्यात् (vidyāt) ("one should know, it should be understood")

Avestan: vid, viδ

Persian: نوید‎ (navid) ("good news")


Old English: witan, ƿitan

Old Frisian: wita

Old Saxon: witan

Old Dutch: witan

Middle English: witen, witten

Scots: wit

English: wit, weet

West Frisian: wite, witte

Old Norse: vita

Icelandic: vita

Faroese: vita

Norwegian: vite, vete, vita, veta

Old Swedish: vita

Swedish: veta

Old Danish: witæ

Danish: vide

Elfdalian: witå

Gutnish: vite

Gothic: 𐍅𐌹𐍄𐌰𐌽 (witan)

Old English: witer, witter

Old Norse: vitr

Icelandic: vitur

Old Swedish: viter, wittur

Swedish: vitter

Old English: witt, ġewitt, ġewit ("knowledge, reason, understanding")

Middle English: witt, witte, wit, wyt ("knowledge, reason, understanding")

Scots: quyt, wit, wyt ("knowledge, reason, understanding")

English: wit ("knowledge, reason, understanding")

Old Frisian: witt, wit ("knowledge, reason, understanding")

Middle Low German: wit, wite, wete ("knowledge, reason, understanding")

Middle Dutch: witte, wit, wet ("knowledge, reason, understanding")

Dutch: wit ("knowledge, reason, understanding")

Middle High German: witze ("knowledge, reason, understanding")

German: Witz ("knowledge, reason, understanding")

Finnish: vitsi ("knowledge, reason, understanding")

German Low German: Witz ("knowledge, reason, understanding")

Saterland Frisian: Wits ("knowledge, reason, understanding")

Luxembourgish: Witz ("knowledge, reason, understanding")

Old Norse: vit ("knowledge, reason, understanding")

Icelandic: vit ("knowledge, reason, understanding")

Faroese: vit ("knowledge, reason, understanding")

Norwegian: vit ("knowledge, reason, understanding")

Old Swedish: vit ("knowledge, reason, understanding")

Danish: vid ("knowledge, reason, understanding")

Gothic: 𐍅𐌹𐍄𐌹 (witi), 𐌿𐌽𐍅𐌹𐍄𐌹 (unwiti) ("knowledge, reason, understanding")

Phrygian: wit-

Old Saxon: gewitt, giwit ("knowledge, reason, understanding")


Ancient Greek: ἰδέᾱ (idéā) ("look, appearance, form") (from videa?)

---> English: idea

---> French: idée

---> German: Idee

---> Greek: ιδέα (idéa)

---> Latin: idea

---> Russian: иде́я (idéja)

---> Swedish: idé

---> Polish: idea


---> Finnish: viisas

---> Northern Sami: viissis

---> Southern Sami: vijsies

Old English: wīs, ƿis

Middle English: wis, wys

Scots: wis, wise

English: wise

English: wizard

Old Frisian: wīs

Old Frisian: wys, wiis

Old Saxon: wīs

Middle Low German: wīs

Old Dutch: wīs

Middle Dutch: wijs

Old High German: wīs

Middle High German: wīse

Old High German: wīsi

Proto-Norse: wisaz

Old Norse: víss

Icelandic: vís

Faroese: vísur

Norwegian: vis

Old Swedish: vīs

Swedish: vis

Danish: vis

Old High German: wizzan

Old High German: wizzi, gewizzi ("knowledge, reason, understanding")

Middle High German: wizzen

German: wissen

Vilamovian: wysa

Sauerländisch: wīse


Alemannic German: wüsse

Ravensbergisch-Lippisch: wuise, wuis

Sauerländisch: wüse, wuise


Central Franconian: wösse, wosse


Welsh: gwys

Old Irish: fis

Manx: fys


Irish: fios

Scottish Gaelic: fios


---> Korean: 가이드 (gaideu)

---> Japanese: ガイド (gaido)

---> Basque: gida

Breton: gouzout

Cornish: godhvos

Old Welsh: gwybot

Welsh: gwybod

Old Irish: ro·finnadar

Old Armenian: գիտեմ (gitem)

Old Armenian: գտանեմ (gtanem)

Norwegian: guide

Swedish: guide

Old French: guier

Old Occitan: guidar

Catalan: guidar

Occitan: guidar

Asturian: guiar

Italian: guidare

Italian: guida

Spanish: guiar

Old Portuguese: guiar

Galician: guiar

Portuguese: guiar

Old French: guide

French: guide

Danish: guide

Romanian: ghid

Russian: gid (gid)

Norman: dgide

Middle English: giden, gide

Scots: guide

English: guide


Ancient Greek: οἶδα (oîda)

Article created on the 21st of January 2019.

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