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indo-european pig swine swin świnia svinja schwein sus icon

This mighty boar used to roam all the European forests!

One of the mysterious Vanir - Freyr is said to ride a golden boar. His own mighty swine. His wife Freya also owns a boar and that is why one of the names for a boar in Prose Edda is "Vanir-child"

So to make gifts to Freyr, Eitri threw a pig's skin into a furnace as Brokkr worked on the bellows, and together they manufactured a boar called Gullinbursti, which had bristles in its mane that glowed in the dark.

According to Húsdrápa, Freyr rode Gullinbursti to Baldr's funeral, while in Gylfaginning, Snorri states that Freyr rode in a chariot pulled by a boar.

In the primitive highlands of Arcadia, where old practices lingered, the Erymanthian boar was a giant fear-inspiring creature of the wilds that lived on Mount Erymanthos, a mountain that was apparently once sacred to the Mistress of the Animals, for in classical times it remained the haunt of Artemis (Homer, Odyssey, VI. 105).

A boar is a very dangerous animal: "When the goddess turned a wrathful countenance upon a country, as in the story of Meleager, she would send a raging boar, which laid waste to the farmers' fields". In some accounts, Apollo sent a boar to kill Adonis, a favorite of Aphrodite, as revenge for the goddess blinding Apollo's son Erymanthus when he saw her bathing. The most commonly accepted version, however, states that Ares turned himself into a boar and killed Adonis out of jealousy.


---> Southern Sami: svijnie

Old Church Slavonic: свиниꙗ (svinija)

Belarusian: свіння́ (svinnjá)

Russian: свинья́ (svinʹjá)

Ukrainian: свиня́ (svynjá)

Bulgarian: свиня̀ (svinjà)

Macedonian: свиња (svinja)

Serbo-Croatian: сви́ња svínja

Slovene: svinja

Czech: svině

Polish: świnia

Slovak: sviňa

Lower Sorbian: swinja

Upper Sorbian: swinjo

Old English: swīn

Middle English: swine, swin, swein, swynne, zuin, swyn, swyne, sweyne, swiyn, suin, sqwyne

Scots: swine

English: swine

Old Frisian: swīn

North Frisian: swin

West Frisian: swyn

Old Saxon: swīn

Middle Low German: swīn

Middle Dutch: swijn

Old High German: swīn

Middle High German: swīn

Old Norse: svín

Icelandic: svín

Faroese: svín

Norn: svin

Norwegian: svin

Jamtish: svýn

Westrobothnian: svýn

Old Swedish: svīn

Swedish: svin

Danish: svin

Dutch: zwijn

Afrikaans: swyn


---> Northern Sami: spiidni


Central Franconian: Schwein

German: Schwein

Hunsrik: Schwein

Gothic: 𐍃𐍅𐌴𐌹𐌽 (swein)

Saterland Frisian: Swien

Limburgish: zwien

German Low German: Swien, Schwiin

Plautdietsch: Schwien

Luxembourgish: Schwäin

Vilamovian: śwajn


Romanian: sain

Aromanian: sãin

Old Irish: socc

Irish: soc

English: sow ("female pig")


---> Thai: สุกร (sù-gɔɔn)

---> Mundari: suku'ri

---> Santali: sukri

---> Telugu: సూకరము (sūkaramu)

Tocharian B: suwo

Latin: sus ("hog")

Latin: suidae (suidai) ("the pigs")

Latin: suīnus

Latin: suīna

Portuguese: suino

Spanish: suino

Italian: suino

Sardinian: sue

Latvian: suvēns, sivēns

Sanskrit: सूकर (sūkará)

Pali: sūkara

Old Marathi: सुक्र (sukra), सूकर (sūkara)

Sauraseni Prakrit: sūgara

Nepali: सुँगुर् (sũgur)

Bengali: শুওর (śuor)

Gujarati: સૂવર (sūvar)

Punjabi: ਸੂਰ (sūr)

Urdu: سؤر‎ (sū'ar)

Hindi: सूअर (sū'ar)


Latgalian: cyuka

Latvian: cūka


By the change of H to S we receive: "sus", "swi", "sui"

Ancient Greek: ὗς (hûs)


Baluchi: هوک‎ (hūk)

Welsh: hwch

Middle Persian: HZWLYA / hwk' (hūg)

Persian: خوک‎ (huk), خوگ‎ (hug)

Mazanderani: خی‎ (hi)

Ossetian: хуы (huy)

Scythian ---> Slavic ---> Old Polish: chujec (huyec)("male pig"); other: huj, chuj, хуй (huy)

Scythian ---> Tabasaran: хуй (huy)("dog")


---> Estonian: siga

---> Finnish: sika

---> Ingrian: sika

---> Karelian: sika, siga

---> Livonian: sigā

---> Ludian: šiga

---> Veps: siga

---> Võro: tsiga

---> Votic: sika

---> Cherokee: ᏏᏆ (siqua)

Polish: dzik ("boar")


Breton: houc'h

Cornish: hogh

English: hog ("boar")


---> Finnish: porsas ("young pig")

---> Estonian: porsas ("young pig")

Latin: porcus

Ancient Greek: πόρκος (pórkos)

Lithuanian: paršas

Polish regional: parszuk

Old English: fearh


Albanian Gheg: thaj

Albanian: thi

Article published on the 11th of July 2018.

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