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indo-european snow snieg sneg sniegas schnee neve nix icon

Sanskrit word for snow "हिम (hima)" is related to a Slavic word for winter "zima". Hahhima (Ḫaḫḫima) was a Hittite god of freeze who made plants and animals go numb.

Avestan "snaēžaiti" meaning "snows" proofs its strong connection with Balto-Slavic languages.

If we would add initial S to Catalan "neu" we would get a word "sneu" identical to Old Saxon word "snēu".

Khione (Chione) literally meaning "Snow" is the Greek goddess of snow, daughter of Boreas, god of the North Wind and Winter, and sister of Zethes and Calais.


Old Church Slavonic: снѣгъ ⱄⱀⱑⰳⱏ (sněgŭ)

Latvian: sniegs

Lithuanian: sniegas

Russian: снег (snieg)

Macedonian: снег (sneg)

Serbo-Croatian: сне̑г, snȇg

Kashubian: sniég

Polish: śnieg

Serbo-Croatian: сније̑г, snijȇg

Limburgish: snieë

West Frisian: snie

Westrobothnian: snje

Lower Sorbian: sněg

Slovene: snẹ̑g

Sanskrit: स्नेह (snéha) ("oil, grease, fat, an unguent, smoothness, glossiness, blandness, tenderness, love, attachment to, moisture, a fluid of the body")

Upper Sorbian: sněh

Slovak: sneh

Belarusian: снег (snjeh)

Old Irish: snechtae

Irish: sneachta

Scottish Gaelic: sneachda

Old Frisian: snē

Saterland Frisian: Snee

Old Saxon: snēo, snēu

Middle Low German: snê

Low German: Snee

German Low German: Snei, Snee, Sneei

Plautdietsch: Schnee

Middle Dutch: sne

Dutch: sneeuw

Afrikaans: sneeu

Old High German: snēo, snē

Middle High German: snē

German: Schnee

Luxembourgish: Schnéi

Vilamovian: śnej

Old Norse: snær

Icelandic: snær

Westrobothnian: sne

Old Danish: snē

Norwegian: sne

North Frisian: snä

Danish: sne

Middle English: snewen ("to snow")

English: snew ("to snow")

Middle Low German: snien ("to snow")

Plautdietsch: schnieen ("to snow")

Limburgish: snieë ("to snow")

German: schneien ("to snow")

Luxembourgish: schneien ("to snow")

Czech: sněžit ("to snow")

Russian: снежи́ть (snežítʹ) ("to snow")

Slovak: snežiť ("to snow")

Polish: śnieżyć ("to snow")

Slovene: snežíti ("to snow")

Avestan: snaēžaiti ("snows")

--> Sumerian: A.ŠU2.NAGA (*šneg), šeg


Missing initial S-

Albanian: nehë ("place where the snow melts")

Aromanian: neao, neauã

Asturian: ñeve, nieve

Catalan: neu


Friulian: nêf, nêv

Galician: neve

Istro-Romanian: ne

Italian: neve

Ladin: nëif

Occitan: nèu

Spanish: nieve

Venetian: neve

Portuguese: neve

Romanian: nea

Logudorese: nie

Old French: nei, neif

Old French: negie

Italian (Umbrian dialect): nengue ("to snow")


Old Prussian: snaygis

Gothic: 𐍃𐌽𐌰𐌹𐍅𐍃 (snaiws)

Bulgarian: сняг (snjag)

Old Norse: snjáfa ("to snow")

Manx: sniaghtey

Norn: snaa

Old English: snāw

Middle English: snow

Scots: snaw


Dalmatian: nai

Romansch: naiv, neiv, nev


Norwegian: snø

Icelandic: snjór

Middle English: snow

English: snow

Old Swedish: sniōr

Swedish: snö

Dutch: snouwen ("to snow")

Old Danish: sniō, snø̄

Westrobothnian: snjø, sniö

Jamtish: snǿ

Gutnish: snåi

Faeroese: snjógvur

Westrobothnian: sniǿg’, sniǿð’ ("to snow")

Old Norse: snjófa ("to snow")

Icelandic: snjóa ("to snow")

Irish: sniog ("drop, dry milk")


Bourguignon: noige

Franc-Comtois: noidge

Old French: noif, noi


Westrobothnian: sni

Rusyn: снїг (snjih)

Czech: sníh

Ukrainian: сніг (snih)

Sanskrit: स्निह्यति (sníhyati) ("to be adhesive or sticky; to remain, stick")

Latvian: snigt ("to snow")

Latgalian: snigt ("to snow")

Lithuanian: snigti ("to snow")

Old Irish: snigid ("to drip, drop, flow")

Irish: snigh ("to pour down, flow")

Old English: snīwan ("to snow")

Norn: snju

Elfdalian: sniųo

Scanian: sný

West Frisian: snije ("to snow")

Middle Dutch: sniwen, snien, snuwen ("to snow")

Old High German: snīwan ("to snow")


Latin: nix ("white hair, snow")

Old French: nive

Sardinian: ni, nia, nibe, nive

Campidanese: nii

Sicilian: nivi

Ancient Greek: νίφω (níphō) ("to snow")

Latin: ningit ("to snow")

Romanian: ninge ("to snow")

Italian (Maceratese dialect): nigne ("to snow")

Welsh: nyfio ("to snow")


Prakrit: siṇeha ("snow")

Tocharian B: śiñcatstse ("snowy")

Uyghur: شىۋىرغان‎‎ (shiwirghan) ("blizzard")


Greek: χιών (chiṓn, khiṓn)

Shughni: жиниҷ (žiniǰ) ("to snow")

Armenian: ձյուն (jyun)

Article published on the 30th of October 2018.