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MOSQUITO

indo-european fly muha mucha musca mosquito icon

This article is not about an indo-european mosquito but about an indo-european fly. Why? Because the original meaning of this word got swapped in English language with a word for a mosquito.

We observe here yet another proof of interchangeability of S, H, K and G. Which came first? It is impossible to tell. Musa? Muha? Muka? Muga? Myga? Maybe Muskha or Muksha?

This word is quite common in Northeast Caucasian languages: Udi "моцӏакӏ (moc̣aḳ)", Avar "мучак (mučak)", Lezgi "мичек (miček)", Budukh "мичек (miček)", Lak "мичӏак (mič̣ak)", Khinalug "мичаьг (mičäg)". Is it because of Ancient North Eurasian Connection or Indo-European influence in that region or maybe Caucasian influence in the yamna culture?


MUS-

Latvian: muša

Lithuanian: musė, musia

Old Prussian: muso

Polish: muszka (muška) ("small fly")

Franco-Provençal: mouche (muš)

French: mouche (muš)

Konkani: मूस (mūs)

Latin: musca

Aromanian: muscã

Romanian: muscă

Romansch: mustga

Sardinian: musca

Sicilian: musca

Serbo-Croatian: мушица, mušica ("gnat")

Macedonian: мушичка (mušička) ("gnat")

Volapük: muskit ("mosquito")

Dutch: muskiet ("mosquito")

Afrikaans: muskiet ("mosquito")

Albanian: mushkonjë ("mosquito")

Aromanian: mushconj ("mosquito")

Irish: muiscít ("mosquito")

French: moustique ("mosquito")

Dalmatian: muasca

Latgalian: myusa

Maltese: nemusa ("mosquito")


MUH-

Old Church Slavonic: моуха ⰿⱆⱈⰰ (muha)

Belarusian: му́ха (múha)

Russian: му́ха (múha)

Ukrainian: му́ха (múha)

Bulgarian: муха́ (muhá)

Serbo-Croatian: му̀ха, mùha

Slovene: múha

Czech: moucha

Polish: mucha

Slovak: mucha

Lower Sorbian: mucha


MUK- MUG-

Norman: moûque

Old High German: mukka, mugga, mucka ("a small fly, midge, mosquito")

Middle High German: mucke, mücke ("a small fly, midge, mosquito")

German: Mücke ("a small fly, midge, mosquito")

Old Saxon: muggia, mugga ("a small fly, midge, mosquito")

Middle Low German: mügge ("a small fly, midge, mosquito")

German Low German: Mügge, Mügg ("a small fly, midge, mosquito")

Middle Dutch: mugge ("a small fly, midge, mosquito")

Dutch: mug ("a small fly, midge, mosquito")

Afrikaans: muggie ("a small fly, midge, mosquito")

Dutch: steekmug ("mosquito")

German: Stechmücke ("mosquito")


MYG-

Greek: μύγα (mýga)

Old English: mygg, mycg (whence English midge)

Old Norse: myg ("a small fly, midge, mosquito")

Danish: myg ("a small fly, midge, mosquito")

Old Swedish: myg ("mosquito")

Swedish: mygga, mygg ("a small fly, midge, mosquito")

Norwegian: mygg ("a small fly, midge, mosquito")

Faroese: mýggjabiti, mýggjabit, mýggj ("mosquito")

Norwegian Nynorsk: mygg ("mosquito")

Old English: myċġ ("mosquito")

Icelandic: ("midge, blackfly, midget, gnat, mosquito")

Faroese: mý, mýggj ("mosquito")

Swedish: stickmygga ("gnat")

Danish: stikmyg ("mosquito")


MU-

Ancient Greek: μυῖα (muîa)

Macedonian: мува (muva)

Serbo-Croatian: му̀ва, mùva

Old Armenian: մուն (mun) ("gnat, midge, itch")


MOS-

---> Kazakh: москит (moskït) ("mosquito")

---> Estonian: moskiito ("mosquito")

---> Finnish: moskiitto ("mosquito")

Russian: мо́шка (móška) ("gnat")

Asturian: mosca

Catalan: mosca

Galician: mosca

Italian: mosca

Occitan: mosca

Portuguese: mosca

Spanish: mosca

Venetian: mósca

Friulian: moscje

Italian: moscerino ("gnat")

Old Assamese: মশ (mośo)

Bengali: মশা (môśa) ("mosquito")

German: Moskito ("mosquito")

Cornish: moskito ("mosquito")

Asturian: mosquitu ("mosquito")

Catalan: mosquit ("mosquito")

Galician: mosquito ("mosquito")

Icelandic: moskítófluga ("mosquito")

Latvian: moskīts ("mosquito")

Welsh: mosgito ("mosquito")


MOH-

Assamese: মহ (moh) ("mosquito")


MOK-

Armenian: մոծակ (mocak) ("gnat")

Walloon: moxhe (mokshe)

Cebuano: namok ("mosquito")


MAS-

---> Kazakh: маса (masa) ("mosquito")

---> Telugu: maśakamu

Sanskrit: मशक (maśáka) ("gnat, mosquito, fly")

Marathi: माशी (māśī)

Rohingya: masi

Belarusian: маскі́т (maskít) ("mosquito")

Lithuanian: mašalas ("gnat")

Pashto: غوماشه‎ (ǧumãša), مياسه‎ (myãsa), مياشه‎ (myãša) ("mosquito")

Dalmatian: muasca


MAK- MAG-

Middle Persian: makas

Hindi: मक्खी (makkhī)

Sylheti: maki

Urdu: مکھی‎ (makkhī)

Tajik: магас (magas)

Persian: مگس‎ (magas)


MAH-

Mazanderani: مهاز‎ (məhâz)


MAC-

Gujarati: મચ્છર (macchar) ("mosquito")

Hindi: मच्छर (macchar) ("mosquito")

Marwari: माछर (māchar) ("mosquito")

Urdu: مچھر‎ (macchar) ("mosquito")

Romani: mach

Pashto: مچ‎ (mәč)


MES-

Polish: meszka

Zazaki: mês, mêsi

Kurdish Kurmanji: mêş

Kurdish Sorani: مێش‎ (mêş)

Kurdish Sorani: مێشوله‌‎ (mêşule) ("mosquito")


MEK- MEG-

Luxembourgish: Méck ("a small fly, midge, mosquito")

Saterland Frisian: Määge ("a small fly, midge, mosquito")


MIK- MIG-

West Frisian: mich ("a small fly, midge, mosquito")

Old English: myċġe, myċġ ("a small fly, midge, mosquito")

Middle English: migge, mydge ("a small fly, midge, mosquito")

Scots: mige ("a small fly, midge, mosquito")

English: midge ("a small fly, midge, mosquito")


MIZ-

Albanian: mizë

Old Albanian: miize


Non Indo-European languages:

Japanese: ハエ目 (hae-moku), 双翅目 (sōshimoku)

Egyptian: نَمُوسَة‎ (namūsa) ("mosquito")

Hijazi Arabic: ناموسة‎ (nāmūsa) ("mosquito")

Budukh: мичек (miček)

Dupaningan Agta: namok

Indonesian: nyamuk

Khmer: មូស (muuh)

Korean: 모기 (mogi)

Lezgi: мичек (miček)

Malagasy: moka

---> Malay: nyamuk

Udi: моцӏакӏ (moc̣aḳ)

Vietnamese: muỗi

Lak: мичӏак (mič̣ak) ("mosquito")


Article created on the 21st of January 2019.