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HOUND

indo-european hound dog canis suns šuo kon icon

Hound is a dog. This word stays in a straight connection to "hunting" because a hound is a special kind of a dog used for this activity.

Hunter has many meanings in English language such as:

  • One who hunts game for sport or for food (a huntsman or a huntswoman).
  • A dog used in hunting.
  • A horse used in hunting, especially a thoroughbred, bred and trained for hunting.
  • One who hunts or seeks after anything.

Mycenaean Greek: "kunaketa" meant "hunters" (from "kuon" = "dog"). Notice similiarity to Czech "kůň" (kuon) meaning "horse".

That is why there might be a connection between this indo-european word and a word for a "horse" in some languages. Horse would then be just "an animal used for hunting or war", sort of a large dog (that is how Native Americans named horses when they first encountered them).

The best proof of that theory is Alviri-Vidari language "اسبه‎ (asbe)" and Avestan "spā" meaning "dog" that are very similar to Sanskrit "अश्व (aśva)" and Persian "اسب (asb)" meaning "horse". Slavic "koń" meaning "horse" is like Scanian "hońń" meaning "dog". In Frisian language "hynder" means a "horse".


SU-

---> Estonian: susi ("wolf")

---> Finnish: susi ("wolf")

---> Ingrian: susi ("wolf")

---> Karelian: šusi ("wolf")

---> Livonian: su'ž ("wolf")

---> Võro: susi ("wolf")

---> Votic: susi ("wolf")

Old Armenian: շուն (šun)

Armenian: շուն (šun)

Latvian: suns

Lithuanian: šuo (genitive šuns)

Old Prussian: sunnis

Polish: sunia ("small female dog")

Old Marathi: सुणें (suṇeṃ), सुणा (suṇā), सुणी (suṇī)

Konkani: सुणो (suṇô)

Old East Slavic: сꙋка (suka) ("female dog")

Belarusian: су́ка (súka) ("female dog")

Russian: су́ка (súka) ("female dog")

Rusyn: сука (suka) ("female dog")

Ukrainian: су́ка (súka) ("female dog")

Serbo-Croatian: сука suka ("female dog")

Czech: suka ("female dog")

Kashubian: sëka ("female dog")

Polabian: sauko ("female dog")

Polish: suka ("female dog")

Slovak: suka ("female dog")

Vilamovian: su̇ka ("female dog")

---> Hungarian: szuka ("female dog")

Luwian: zúwa/in(i)- (suua)

Maharastri Prakrit: suvāṇa


SV-

Sanskrit: श्वन् (śván), श्वा (śvā́), शुनः (śúnaḥ)

Hindi: श्वान (śvān)

Khotanese: śve


SP-

Avestan: spā

Pashto: سپی‎ (spay), سپۍ‎ (spëy)

Old Median: σπάκα (spáka)


SKU-

Old Armenian: սկունդ (skund) ("dog, puppy")

Kashubian: szkapa ("horse")


KU-

Hittite: ku-wa-aš /kuwaš/, ku-wa-na-an /kuwanan/ (acc. sg.)

Tocharian A: ku (oblique koṃ)

Tocharian B: ku (oblique kweṃ)

Jatvingian (Sudovian): kuo

Ancient Greek: κύων (kúōn)

Greek: κύων (kýon)

Dalmatian: cun, cuon

Norman: qùyin

Primitive Irish: ᚉᚒᚅᚐ (cuna)

Old Irish:

Irish:

Manx: coo

Scottish Gaelic:

Gaulish: cuna

Belarusian: куні́ца (kuníca) ("marten")

Russian: куни́ца (kuníca) ("marten")

Ukrainian: куни́ця (kunýcja) ("marten")

Bulgarian: куни́ца (kuníca) ("marten")

Macedonian: ку́на (kúna) ("marten")

Serbo-Croatian: ку́на kúna ("marten")

Slovene: kúna ("marten")

Czech: kuna ("marten")

Kashubian: kùna ("marten")

Polish: kuna ("marten")

Slovak: kuna ("marten")

Lower Sorbian: kuna ("marten")

Upper Sorbian: kuna ("marten")

Lithuanian: kiáunė ("marten")

Latvian: caûna ("marten")

Old Prussian: caune (kaune) ("marten")

Polish: kundel ("mixed-breed dog")

Phrygian: κύνας (kunas) (accusative plural)

Ossetian Iron: куыдз (kuyʒ)

Ossetian Digor: куй (kuj)

Chorasmian: kut, kutta

Sogdian: ʾkwt-y, kwt-y, qwt-y /ᵊkʷətí/

Yagnobi: kut

Ishkashimi: kьd

Sanglechi: kud

Sarikoli: kыd (kyd)

Shughni-Roshani: kud

Yazgulyam: k°od

Baluchi: kučak

Northern Kurdish: kûçik

Zazaki: kutik

Hazaragi: kuṭá

Tajik: кучак (kučak)

Bengali: কুত্তা (kutta)

Sylheti: kutta

Maharastri Prakrit: kutta

Marathi: कुत्रा (kutrā), कुत्री (kutrī), कुत्रे (kutre)

Sauraseni Prakrit: kutta, kuttī

Gujarati: કૂતરો (kūtro), કૂતરી (kūtrī), કૂતરું (kūtrũ)

Hindi: कुत्ता (kuttā), कुत्ती (kuttī)

Punjabi: ਕੁੱਤਾ (kutā), ਕੁੱਤੀ (kutī)

---> Nepali: कुती (kutī) ("puppy")


HU-

---> Estonian: hunt

---> Finnish: hunttu

Old High German: hunt

Middle High German: hunt

Alemannic German: Hùnt

Plautdietsch: Hunt

Walser: hun, hund, hunn, hònn

Bavarian: hunt

Cimbrian: hunt

Old English: hund

Middle English: hund

Old Frisian: hund

Old Saxon: hund

Old Dutch: hund

Middle Low German: hund

Sauerländisch: Hund

Westmünsterländisch: Hund

Vilamovian: hund

Old Norse: hundr

Faroese: hundur

Icelandic: hundur

Norn: hund

Norwegian Bokmål: hund

Norwegian Nynorsk: hund

Old Swedish: hunder

Swedish: hund

Old Danish: hund

Danish: hund

Gutnish: hund

Saterland Frisian: Huund

Hunsrik: Hund

German: Hund

Gothic: 𐌷𐌿𐌽𐌳𐍃 (hunds)

Mooring: hün

West Frisian: hûn

Föhr-Amrum: hünj

Kölsch: Hunk, Hungk

Scots: hoond

Kashmiri: hūn

Westrobothnian: hunn

Frisian: hynder ("horse")


KA- KAN-

Lydian: kan-

Latin: canis (kanis)

Campidanese: cani

Sicilian: cani

Aromanian: cãni, cãne

Corsican: cane

Italian: cane

Logudorese: cane

Aragonese: can

Istriot: can

Asturian: can

Ligurian: can

Occitan: can

Old Portuguese: can

Galician: can

Romagnol: can

Spanish: can

Venetian: can

Ladin: cian

Lombard:

Catalan: ca

Portuguese: cão

Romanian: câine

Istro-Romanian: căre

Friulian: cjan, čhan

Romansch: chaun, tgaun, chan


SA-

Pali:

Old Persian: çaka

Middle Persian: klbʾ /sak, sag/

Persian: سگ‎ (sag)


SO-

---> Thai: โสณ (sǒon)

Old Church Slavonic: сѫка (sǫka) ("female dog")

Kalasha: šọ̃́a

Pali: soṇa


KO-

Bactrian: κοδο (kodo)

Megleno-Romanian: cǫini


HO-

Middle English: hound, honde

English: hound

Hamburgisch: Hond

Middle Dutch: hont

Dutch: hond

Afrikaans: hond

Limburgish: hóndj

Swabian: Hond

Central Franconian: Hond, Hunk, Honk

Luxembourgish: Hond

Scanian: hońń

Westrobothnian: höund


KI-

Middle Breton: ci, qui

Breton: ki

Old Cornish: ci

Cornish: ki, kei

Middle Welsh: ci, ki

Welsh: ci


HI-

Helgoland: Hin


CHI-

Franco-Provençal: chin

Old French: chien

Middle French: chien

French: chien


CHE-

Tourangeau: chen

Walloon: tchén

Picard: tchien, kien, quien


SE-

Northern Kurdish: se

Central Kurdish: سەگ‎ (seg)


SYP-

Talysh: сыпә sıpə


ASB-

Alviri-Vidari: اسبه‎ (asbe)


Article created on the 8th of January 2019. The theory presented above is the Indo-European Connection's idea.


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