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indo-european domus home house icon

Domus is Latin for "home", "house" or in general "a place to live".

Ancient Greek "δάμνημι (dámnēmi)", which means "I tame, subdue, control; (of women) I give in marriage, violate; I subdue, conquer, rule over; I kill; I overpower, overpower" can give the best explanation of Latin "dominate". The same root gave English "to tame", for example to tame a wild animal.

First houses built by Indo-Europeans must have been made out of wood because of a connection between Latin "domus" and Norwegian "tømmer", which means "timber".


Latin: domus

French: dôme

Sardinian: domu, dommu

Sicilian: domu

Old Church Slavonic: домъ ⰴⱁⰿⱏ (domŭ)

Swedish: dom

German: Dom

Belarusian: дом (dom)

Russian: дом (dom)

Bulgarian: дом (dom)

Serbo-Croatian: до̑м, dȏm

Slovene: dọ̑m

Polish: dom

Silesian: dōm

Slovak: dom

Ancient Greek: δῶ (dô), δόμος (dómos)

Albanian: dhomë ("a chamber, a room")

Assamese: দমা (doma) ("diminish, be pacified, come under control")

Bengali: দমা (dôma) ("diminish, be pacified, come under control")

Oriya: ଦମିବା (dômiba) ("diminish, be pacified, come under control")

Kashubian: dóm

Czech: dům

Italian: duomo


Norwegian: tømmer ("timber")

Danish: tømmer ("timber")

Saterland Frisian: tom ("to domesticate")


Sanskrit: दम् (dám), दम (dáma)

Avestan: dąm

Old Irish: damnae ("material, substance")

Irish: damhna ("material, substance")

Mycenaean Greek: damo ("village, community")

Ancient Greek: δάμνημι (dámnēmi)

Persian: دام‎ (dām) ("domestic animal")

Sanskrit: दाम्यति (dā́myati), दमायति (damāyáti) ("subdue, tame"), दम्य (dámya) ("young bull to be tamed")

Gujarati: દમવું (damvũ) ("diminish, be pacified, come under control")

Old Marathi: दमणे (damaṇe) ("diminish, be pacified, come under control")

Marathi: दमणे (damṇe) ("diminish, be pacified, come under control")

Gaulish: damma ("roe")

Middle Breton: danuez ("material, substance")

Breton: danvez ("material, substance")


Old English: tam, tom ("to domesticate")

Middle English: tam, tom, tame, tome ("to domesticate")

Scots: tam, tame ("to domesticate")

English: tame ("to domesticate")

Old Frisian: tam, tom ("to domesticate")

West Frisian: tam ("to domesticate")

Old Saxon: tam ("to domesticate")

Middle Low German: tam ("to domesticate")

Low German: tamm, tahm ("to domesticate")

Middle Dutch: tam ("to domesticate")

Dutch: tam ("to domesticate")

Afrikaans: tam ("to domesticate")

Old Norse: tamr ("to domesticate")

Icelandic: tamur ("to domesticate")

Faroese: tamur ("to domesticate")

Norwegian: tam ("to domesticate")

Old Swedish: tamber ("to domesticate")

Swedish: tam ("to domesticate")

Old Danish: tam ("to domesticate")

Danish: tam ("to domesticate")

Old Armenian: տանուտէր (tanutēr)


Latvian: nams

Lithuanian: namas


Old High German: zam ("to domesticate")

Middle High German: zam ("to domesticate")

Alemannic German: zam ("to domesticate")

German: zahm ("to domesticate")

Luxembourgish: zam ("to domesticate")


Old English: timber

Middle English: timber

English: timber

Scots: timmer, tymmer, tymer

Old Frisian: timber, timmer

Saterland Frisian: Timmer

West Frisian: timmer

Old Saxon: timbar

Middle Low German: timber, timmer

German Low German: Timmer

Ravensbergisch-Lippisch: Timmer

Westmünsterländisch: Timmer

Middle Dutch: timber, timmer

Dutch: timmer

Old Dutch: timbren

Middle Dutch: timbren

Dutch: timmeren

Old Norse: timbr

Icelandic: timbur

Faroese: timbur

Old Swedish: timber

Swedish: timmer

Old Danish: tymbær

Ukrainian: дім (dim)


Old High German: zimbar

Middle High German: zimber, zimmer, zimer

German: Zimmer

Luxembourgish: Zëmmer


Old Armenian: տուն (tun)

Armenian: տուն (tun)


Old Breton: daffnez ("material, substance")

Cornish: defnydh, defnyth ("material, substance")

Welsh: devnydh, defnydd ("material, substance")

Article published on the 30th of October 2018.