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DEATH

indo-european death mors mor mare icon

The Indo-European DEATH GOD stays in a straight connection to this word.

In some languages the essence of this word shifted from "death" to "human, man" simply put "a mortal" or "a person destined to die".

There could be a strong connection between a word for the "sea" and death. It would explain all the boat burials among Germanic and Slavic peoples.

Sanskrit "नाव्य (nāvyá)" meaning "boatable, navigable" and Slavic "Navya" meaning "Underworld, Land of the Dead" could suggest that to get there you had to use a boat and travel through the waters of the dead.

The general connection is this:
wood = log = dead tree ⇒ ship made out of wood / dead body similar to hard dead wood ⇒ death ⇒ the sea as a place connected to dead people.

Vellamo (Wellamo) is the goddess of water, lakes and seas in Finnish mythology. She has magical cows that live on underwater fields. Slavic god connected to death namely Veles was also said to own many cows that he walked with on the fields and meadows. Could then those fields or meadows be underwater?

Lithuanian "vėlė" is a spirit of a dead human = a ghost. It was said that these spirits were transparent as fog, yet soft as wool to the touch. Upon death, the soul separates from the body and does not return to it. It does not die with the body, but loses its individuality. The vėlė had to cross over to the realm of the vėlė.

Maybe the last scene of Kalevala is the best poetic representation of this custom as Väinämöinen ascends in his ship (navis) into heaven or the other world. Could then this scene be a portrayal of Väinämöinen's death?


MOR-

Latin: mors ("death, corpse, annihilation")

Old East Slavic: моръ (morŭ) ("plague")

Old Church Slavonic: моръ ⰿⱁⱃⱏ (morŭ) ("plague")

Belarusian: мор (mor) ("plague")

Russian: мор (mor) ("plague")

Bulgarian: мор (mor) ("plague")

Serbo-Croatian: мо̑р, mȏr ("plague")

Slovene: mòr ("plague")

Czech: mor ("plague")

Polish: mór ("plague")

Slovak: mor ("plague")

Latin: morior ("to die")

Polish: morzyć ("to kill slowly or cruelly")

Old East Slavic: море (more) ("sea")

Russian: море (more) ("sea")

Rusyn: мо́ре (móre) ("sea")

Ukrainian: море (more) ("sea")

Old Church Slavonic: морѥ ⰿⱁⱃⱗ (morje) ("sea")

Bulgarian: море (more) ("sea")

Macedonian: море (more) ("sea")

Serbo-Croatian: мо̑ре, mȏre ("sea")

Slovene: mȏrje, morjẹ̑ ("sea")

Czech: moře ("sea")

Kashubian: mòrzé ("sea")

Polish: morze ("sea")

Slovak: more ("sea")

Belarusian: мо́ра (móra) ("sea")

Upper Sorbian: morjo ("sea")

Lower Sorbian: mórjo ("sea")

Old Armenian: մօր (mōr) ("mud, marsh, swamp")

Polabian Drevani: moriona ("death")

Westrobothnian: mǫru ("evil spirit")

Dutch: moeras ("lake-like, marshy, swampy")

English: morass ("lake-like, marshy, swampy")

Middle Low German: mōras ("lake-like, marshy, swampy")

German: Morast ("lake-like, marshy, swampy")

Istro-Romanian: måre ("sea")

Irish: Morrigan ("Phantom Queen")

Polish: Morana, Morena, Mora ("Goddess of Death")

Czech: Morana ("Goddess of Death")

Slovakian: Morena ("Goddess of Death")

Slovenian: Morena ("Goddess of Death")

Bulgarian: Морана, Мора, Морена (Morana, Mora, Morena) ("Goddess of Death")

Serbo-Croatian: Морана (Morana) ("Goddess of Death")


MORT- MORD-

---> Komi-Permyak: морт (mort) ("person, man")

---> Komi-Zyrian: морт (mort) ("person, man")

Jatvingian: mort ("to die")

Latin: mortuus ("dead, having died")

Romansch: mort ("dead")

Sardinian: mortu, moltu ("dead")

Aromanian: mortu ("dead")

Catalan: mort ("dead")

Franco-Provençal: môrt ("dead")

French: mort, morte ("dead")

Galician: morto ("dead")

Italian: morto ("dead")

Ladin: mort ("dead")

Occitan: mòrt ("dead")

Portuguese: morto ("dead")

Romanian: mort ("dead")

Sicilian: mortu ("dead")

Venetian: morto ("dead")

Old English: morþor ("to kill")

Middle English: morther ("to kill")

Persian: مردن‎ (mordan) ("to die")

Persian: مرده‎ (morde) ("dead")

Belarusian: мёртвы (mjórtvy) ("dead")

Russian: мёртвый (mjórtvyj) ("dead")

Upper Sorbian: mortwy, mordwy, morwy ("dead")

Russian: мори́ть (morítʹ) ("to kill slowly or cruelly")

Ukrainian: мори́ти (morýty) ("to kill slowly or cruelly")

Serbo-Croatian: мо̀рити, moriti ("to kill slowly or cruelly")

Czech: mořit ("to kill slowly or cruelly")

Slovak: moriť ("to kill slowly or cruelly")


MAR-

---> Estonian: marras ("brittle, fragile")

---> Finnish: marras ("soul of a dead person; dead or dying person; omen of death")

---> Ingrian: marras ("soul of a dead person; dead or dying person; omen of death")

---> Karelian: marras ("soul of a dead person; dead or dying person; omen of death")

Lithuanian: maras ("plague")

Bulgarian: Мара (Mara) ("Goddess of Death")

Polish: Marzanna, Marzana, Marena ("Goddess of Death")

Russian: Марена (Mariena) ("Goddess of Death")

Ukrainian: Марена (Marena) ("Goddess of Death")

Slovakian: Marmuriena ("Goddess of Death")

Old English: mare ("evil spirit")

Middle English: mare ("evil spirit")

Scots: mare, mair ("evil spirit")

English: mare ("evil spirit")

Middle Low German: māre, mar ("evil spirit")

Middle Dutch: māre ("evil spirit")

Dutch: mare, maar ("evil spirit")

Old High German: mara ("evil spirit")

Middle High German: mare, mar ("evil spirit")

German: Mahr ("evil spirit; succubus; incubus")

Old Norse: mara ("evil spirit")

Icelandic: mara ("evil spirit")

Norwegian: mara, mare ("evil spirit")

Old Swedish: mara ("evil spirit")

Swedish: mara ("evil spirit")

Danish: mare ("evil spirit")

Sanskrit: मार (mā́ra) ("killing, destroying")

Lithuanian: marios ("sea, lagoon")

Younger Avestan: mar- ("to die")

Gurani: مەردەی‎ (marday) ("to die")

Old Persian: mar- ("to die")

Old Armenian: մարդ (mard) ("man, mortal")

Armenian: մարդ (mard) ("man, person")

Sanskrit: मर्त (márta) ("mortal, man")

Persian: مرد‎ (mard) ("dead, man")

Middle Breton: marf, maru ("dead")

Breton: marw ("dead")

Cornish: marow ("dead")

Middle Welsh: marw ("dead")

Welsh: marw ("dead")

Old Irish: marb ("dead")

Irish: marbh ("dead")

Manx: marroo ("dead")

Scottish Gaelic: marbh ("dead")

West Frisian: mar ("sea, ocean, lake, body of water")

Limburgish: maer ("sea, ocean, lake, body of water")

Old Norse: marr ("sea, ocean, lake, body of water")

Icelandic: mar ("sea, ocean, lake, body of water")

Faroese: marur ("sea, ocean, lake, body of water")

Norn: mar ("sea, ocean, lake, body of water")

Norwegian: mar ("sea, ocean, lake, body of water")

Swedish: mar ("sea, ocean, lake, body of water")

Danish: mar ("sea, ocean, lake, body of water")

Westrobothnian: mara ("sea, ocean, lake, body of water")

Scots: mar ("sea, ocean, lake, body of water")

Old French: mare ("sea, ocean, lake, body of water")

Middle French: mare ("sea, ocean, lake, body of water")

French: mare ("sea, ocean, lake, body of water")

Gothic: 𐌼𐌰𐍂𐌴𐌹 (marei) ("sea, ocean, lake, body of water")

Latin: mare ("sea")

Sanskrit: मर्यादा (maryā́dā) ("shore, bank, body of water")

English: mare ("sea")

Esperanto: maro ("sea")

Ido: maro ("sea")

Interlingua: mar ("sea")

Corsican: mare ("sea")

Istriot: mare ("sea")

Italian: mare ("sea")

Neapolitan: mare ("sea")

Sicilian: mari ("sea")

Lombard: mar ("sea")

Aragonese: mar ("sea")

Asturian: mar ("sea")

Extremaduran: mari ("sea")

Mirandese: mar ("sea")

Old Portuguese: mar ("sea")

Galician: mar ("sea")

Portuguese: mar ("sea")

Kabuverdianu: már ("sea")

Old Occitan: mar ("sea")

Catalan: mar ("sea")

Occitan: mar ("sea")

Old Spanish: mar ("sea")

Spanish: mar ("sea")

Aromanian: amari, amare, mari ("sea")

Romanian: mare ("sea")

Friulian: mâr ("sea")

Romansch: mar, mer ("sea")

Sardinian: mare, mari ("sea")

Venetian: mar ("sea")

Sanskrit: मरति (márati), मरते (márate) ("to die")

Middle Persian: mlt' (mard) ("dead, man")

Bulgarian: мъ́ртъв (mǎ́rtǎv) ("dead")

Old Polish: martwy, miartwy ("dead")

Polish: martwy, miartwy ("dead")

Slovak: mŕtvy, mŕtvý, mŕtví ("dead")

Lower Sorbian: martwy, marwy ("dead")

English: marsh ("lake-like, marshy, swampy")

Saterland Frisian: Marsk ("lake-like, marshy, swampy")

Middle Low German: marsch ("lake-like, marshy, swampy")

German: Marsch ("lake-like, marshy, swampy")

Danish: marsk ("lake-like, marshy, swampy")

Old French: mareis, marais ("lake-like, marshy, swampy")

Middle French: marais ("lake-like, marshy, swampy")

French: marais, marécage ("lake-like, marshy, swampy")

Middle Dutch: marasch ("lake-like, marshy, swampy")


MAL-

Ossetian: мал (mal) ("sea")


MAH-

Old Armenian: մահ (mah) ("dead")


SMAR-

Bulgarian: смърт (smǎrt) ("death")


MUAR-

Dalmatian: muart ("dead")

Friulian: muart ("dead")


MUR-

---> Udmurt: мурт (murt) ("person, man")

---> Uzbek: murda ("corpse")

Tajik: мурдан (murdan) ("to die")

Venetic: 𐌌𐌖𐌓𐌕𐌖𐌅𐌏𐌝 (murtuvoi) ("for the dead")

Irish: muir ("sea")

Dalmatian: mur ("sea")

Middle English: murther, murthre, mourdre, mudre, murder ("to kill")

English: murder ("to kill")

Latin: murdrum ("to kill")

Old French: murdre ("to kill")

Gothic: 𐌼𐌰𐌿𐍂𐌸𐍂 (maurþr) ("to kill")


SUMR-

Old Church Slavonic: съмрьть ⱄⱏⰿⱃⱐⱅⱐ (sŭmrĭtĭ) ("death")

Old East Slavic: съмьрть (sŭmĭrtĭ) ("death")


MUER-

Asturian: muertu ("dead")

Spanish: muerto, muerta ("dead")


MER-

---> Turkish: mert ("brave, manly")

Avestan: mərəiti ("death")

Avestan: mərəta ("dead, man")

Old Armenian: մեռանիմ (meṙanim) ("to die")

Armenian: մեռնել (meṙnel) ("to die")

Hittite: me-er-zi /merzi/ ("to die")

Latgalian: miert ("to die")

Old East Slavic: мерети (mereti) ("to die")

Belarusian: ме́рці (mjérci) ("to die")

Russian: мере́ть (merétʹ) ("to die in large numbers")

Ukrainian: мере́ти (meréty), ме́рти (mérty) ("to die")

Khotanese: mär- ("to die")

Old French: mer ("sea")

French: mer ("sea")

Norman: ("sea")

Walloon: mer ("sea")

Emilian: mèr ("sea")

Romagnol: mêr ("sea")

Old English: mere ("sea, ocean, lake, body of water")

Middle English: mere ("sea, ocean, lake, body of water")

Scots: mere ("sea, ocean, lake, body of water")

English: mere ("sea, ocean, lake, body of water")

Old Frisian: mere ("sea, ocean, lake, body of water")

Saterland Frisian: Meer ("sea, ocean, lake, body of water")

Old Saxon: meri ("sea, ocean, lake, body of water")

Middle Low German: mer ("sea, ocean, lake, body of water")

German Low German: Meer ("sea, ocean, lake, body of water")

Low German: meer ("sea, ocean, lake, body of water")

Plautdietsch: Mäa ("sea, ocean, lake, body of water")

Middle Dutch: mere ("sea, ocean, lake, body of water")

Dutch: meer ("sea, ocean, lake, body of water")

Afrikaans: meer ("sea, ocean, lake, body of water")

Old High German: meri ("sea, ocean, lake, body of water")

Middle High German: mer ("sea, ocean, lake, body of water")

German: Meer ("sea, ocean, lake, body of water")

Luxembourgish: Mier ("sea, ocean, lake, body of water")

Czech: mertev ("dead")

Old Polish: miertwy ("dead")

Old Belarusian: мертвыи (mjertvyi) ("dead")

Old Ukrainian: мєртвыи (mjertvyy) ("dead")

Ukrainian: ме́ртви́й (mértvýj) ("dead")

Zazaki: merden ("to die")

Old East Slavic: мертвꙑи (mertvyi) ("dead")

Albanian: mërshë ("corpse, carrion")

Old Persian: məršiyu ("death")

Avestan: mərəθiiu (merethiiu) ("death")

Old English: merisc, mersc ("lake-like, marshy, swampy")

Middle English: mersh, mershe ("lake-like, marshy, swampy")

Scots: mersk, merse ("lake-like, marshy, swampy")

Old Frisian: mersk ("lake-like, marshy, swampy")

West Frisian: mersk ("lake-like, marshy, swampy")

Old Saxon: mersk ("lake-like, marshy, swampy")

Middle Low German: mersch ("lake-like, marshy, swampy")

Norwegian: mersk ("lake-like, marshy, swampy")

Middle Dutch: mersch ("lake-like, marshy, swampy")

Dutch: meers ("lake-like, marshy, swampy")

Romansch: miert ("dead")


SMER-

Ukrainian: смерть (smertʹ) ("death")

Belarusian: смерць (smjercʹ) ("death")

Russian: смерть (smertʹ) ("death")

Rusyn: смерть (smertʹ) ("death")

Kashubian: smierc ("death")

Polish: śmierć ("death")

Upper Sorbian: smjerć ("death")

Lower Sorbian: smjerś ("death")

Polish: Śmierć, Śmiercicha, Śmiertka ("Goddess of Death")


MIR-

---> Erzya: мирде (mirde) ("man, husband")

---> Moksha: мирде (mirde) ("man, husband")

Lithuanian: mirtis ("death")

Latvian: mirt ("to die")

Lithuanian: mirti ("to die")

Old Church Slavonic: мьрѫ (mĭrǫ) ("I die")

Old East Slavic: мьрꙋ (mĭru) ("I die")

Lithuanian: miru ("I die")

Northern Kurdish: mirin ("to die")

Central Kurdish: مردن‎ (mirdin) ("to die")

Southern Kurdish: مردن‎ (mirdin) ("to die")

Laki: مردن‎ (mirdin) ("to die")

Old Persian: myr (/mīr-/) ("to die")

Avestan: miriiete ("die")

Ukrainian: мiр (mir) ("plague")

Parthian: myr ("to die")

Old East Slavic: мьрътвꙑи (mĭrŭtvyi) ("dead")


MR-

Sanskrit: मृति (mṛtí) ("death")

Old Church Slavonic: мрѣти (mrěti) ("to die")

Bulgarian: мра (mra) ("to die")

Serbo-Croatian: мрије̑ти, mrijȇti ("to die")

Slovene: mrẹ́ti ("to die, to be miserable")

Czech: mřít ("to die, to wither")

Polish: mrzeć ("to die")

Slovak: mrieť ("to die, to wither, to thaw")

Upper Sorbian: mrěć ("to die")

Lower Sorbian: mrěś ("to die")

Sanskrit: म्रियते (mriyate) ("to die, decease")

Russian: мру (mru) ("I die")

Czech: mru ("I die")

Serbo-Croatian: мре̑м, mrȇm ("I die")

Slovene: mrèm, mrjèm, mŕjem, mȓjem ("I die")

Polish: mrę ("I die")

Slovak: mriem ("I die")

Sanskrit: मृत (mṛtá) ("dead, man")

Hindi: मृत (mŕt) ("dead, man")

Old Persian: 𐎶𐎼𐎫𐎡𐎹 (m-r-t-i-y) ("man")

Old Church Slavonic: мрьтвъ ⰿⱃⱐⱅⰲⱏ (mrĭtvŭ), мрътвъ ⰿⱃⱏⱅⰲⱏ (mrŭtvŭ) ("dead")

Macedonian: мртов (mrtov) ("dead")

Serbo-Croatian: мр̀тав, мр̑твӣ, mr̀tav, mȓtvī, mrtȏv, mrtvȍ, mōrtȏv, mōrtvȍ ("dead")

Slovene: mŕtəv ("dead")

Czech: mrtvý ("dead")

Old East Slavic: мрьтвꙑи (mrĭtvyi) ("dead")

Old Persian: 𐎠𐎶𐎼𐎡𐎹𐎫𐎠 (a-m-r-i-y-t-a /am(a)riyatā/) ("die")


BR-

Ancient Greek: βροτός (brotós) ("mortal") (mrotos?)


SMR-

Macedonian: смрт (smrt) ("death")

Serbo-Croatian: смр̏т, smȑt ("death")

Slovene: smȓt ("death")

Czech: smrt ("death")

Slovak: smrť ("death")

Silesian: śmjyrć ("death")


NIGHTMARE:

Middle English: niȝtmare, nightemare ("nightmare")

Scots: nichtmare, nichtmeer ("nightmare")

English: nightmare ("nightmare")

Middle Low German: nachtmār ("nightmare")

Middle Dutch: nachtmaere, nachtmērië, nachtmēre ("nightmare")

Dutch: nachtmare, nachtmerrie ("nightmare")

Old French: cauquemare ("evil spirit")

Middle French: cauchemare ("evil spirit")

French: cauchemar ("evil spirit")

German: Nachtmahr ("nightmare")




VAN-

Sanskrit वन (vána)

  • a forest, wood, grove, thicket, quantity of lotuses or other plants growing in a thick cluster
  • a single tree
  • plenty, abundance
  • wood, timber
  • a wooden vessel or barrel
  • a cloud as the vessel in the sky
  • the body of a carriage
  • water
  • a fountain, spring
  • abode
  • longing, earnest desire


SAV-

Sanskrit: शव (śava) ("corpse")


NAV- NAW- NAU-

Latvian: nāve ("death")

Latvian: nāvs ("death")

Russian: навей (navej), навь (navʹ), навье (navʹje) ("corpse, dead body")

Polish: nawie, nawki ("souls of the dead")

Czech: nav ("tomb, hell, beyond")

Latin: nāvis ("ship")

Sanskrit: नाव्य (nāvyá) ("boatable, navigable")

Old Persian: 𐎴𐎠𐎻𐎡𐎹𐎠 (n-a-vi-i-y-a /nāviyā/) ("boatable, navigable")

Hindi: नाव (nāv) ("ship")

Pali: nāvā ("ship")

Sauraseni Prakrit: ṇāvā ("ship")

Sinhalese: නැව (næva) ("ship")

Persian: ناو‎ (nâv) ("ship")

Old Persian: 𐎴𐎠𐎺 (nāva) ("ship")

Romansch: nav, nev ("ship")

Sicilian: navi ("ship")

Spanish: nave ("ship")

Venetian: nave ("ship")

Asturian: nave ("ship")

Friulian: nâf, nâv ("ship")

Galician: nave ("ship")

Ido: navo ("ship")

Italian: nave ("ship")

Romanian: naie, navă ("ship")

Portuguese: nave, nau ("ship")

Celtic Gallaecian: Navia ("river")

Ossetian Digor: науӕ (nawæ) ("ship")

Ossetian Iron: нау (naw) ("ship")

Pahlavi: nʾw (nāw) ("ship")

Old Armenian: նաւ (naw) ("boat, ship; battleship, trireme; navigation, seafaring")

Avestan: nāuuiia ("boatable, navigable")

Catalan: nau ("ship")

Occitan: nau ("ship")

Old Irish: nau ("ship")

Gothic: 𐌽𐌰𐌿𐍃 (naus) ("dead body, corpse")

Gothic: 𐌽𐌰𐍅𐌹𐍃 (nawis) ("corpse's")

Ancient Greek: ναῦς (naûs) ("ship")

Sanskrit: नौ (naú), नावा (nāvā́) ("ship")


NA-

Doric Greek: νᾱός (nāós) ("ship")

Old English: naca ("ship")

Old Saxon: nako ("ship")

Old High German: nahho ("ship")

Middle High German: nache ("ship")

German: Nachen ("ship")

Luxembourgish: Naachen ("ship")

Aromanian: nai ("ship")

Sardinian: nae, nai, nave, navi ("ship")

Old Norse: nár ("corpse")

Icelandic: nár ("corpse")

Breton: naoun ("hunger")

Old Norse: Nástrǫnd ("Corpse Shore")

Pashto: نعش‎‎ (na'š) ("corpse")

Persian: نعش‎‎ (naʿš) ("corpse")

Dari: نعش‎‎ (naʿš) ("corpse")


NO-

Lithuanian: novis ("death")

Sudovian: novis ("corpse")

Lithuanian: novė ("slaughtering, killing; unknown disease; yoke; coertion")

Old Prussian: nowis ("body, flesh")

Old Norse: nǫkkvi ("ship")

Icelandic: nökkvi ("ship")

Old English: nōwend ("ship")

Norwegian: nåe ("corpse")

Middle Welsh: noe ("ship")

Old Frisian: nōst ("ship")

North Frisian: nost ("ship")

Middle High German: nuosch ("ship")

Middle Low German: nōste ("ship")

Old Norse: nór ("ship")

Icelandic: nór ("ship")

Norwegian: nu, no; nøla ("ship")

Swedish: no ("ship")

Khotanese: no ("ship")

Mazanderani: نو‎ (no) ("ship")


NEV- NEW- NEU-

Old English: nēo ("corpse")

French: nef ("ship")

Cornish: nev ("heaven")

Tocharian B: newiya ("canal")

Middle Breton: neau, nev ("ship")

Breton: new ("ship")

Epic, Ionic Greek: νηῦς (nēûs) ("ship")


AK-

Old Frisian: âke, âk ("ship")

West Frisian: aek, aak ("ship")

German Low German: Âken ("ship")

Middle Dutch: naecke, aecke ("ship")

Dutch: aak ("ship")




WAL- VAL-

Old English: wæl ("slaughter, carnage, the slain, a slain person, corpse")

Old English: wælcyriġe, wælcyrġe ("Walkyrie")

Middle English: wæl, wal ("death, slaughter")

Middle English: walkyrie, walkirie ("Walkyrie")

English: Walkyrie

Old Saxon: wal ("lich, corpse, dead body, battlefield") (in compounds)

Old High German: wal ("lich, corpse, dead body, battlefield")

Middle High German: wal, wale ("lich, corpse, dead body, battlefield")

German: Wal ("lich, corpse, dead body, battlefield") (primarily in compounds)

Old Norse: valr ("the dead, slain in battle")

Old Norse: valkyrja; Valhǫll ("Walkyrie, Dead's Hall")

Icelandic: valur ("the fallen; casualties of a war or battle")

Icelandic: Valhöll ("Hall of the dead")

English: Valkyrie; Valhalla, Walhalla

Norwegian: val ("lich, corpse, dead body, battlefield") (in compounds)

Danish: val ("lich, corpse, dead body, battlefield") (primarily in compounds)

Polish: walka ("fight, battle, war")

Czech: válka ("fight, battle, war")

Hittite: walḫzi ("I hit, I strike")


FLA-

Middle Irish: flann ("blood")

Irish: flann ("blood")

Scottish Gaelic: flann ("blood")


WEL- VEL-

Finnish: Vellamo, Wellamo

Old East Slavic: Велес (Veles)

Middle English: wæl, wel ("death, slaughter")

Lithuanian: vėlė ("ghost")

Latin: vēles ("skirmisher, javelineer, light-armed footsoldier")

Latin: vellō ("I demolish, I strike")

Tocharian A: wälläṣtär ("I hit, I strike")

Middle Welsh: gweli ("blood")

Welsh: gweli ("blood")


VUL- FUL-

Latin: vulnus ("wound, injury")

Old Irish: fuil ("blood")

Middle Irish: fuil ("blood")

Irish: fuil ("blood")

Manx: fuill ("blood")

Scottish Gaelic: fuil ("blood")




LOS-

Tajik: лош (loš) ("corpse")


LAS-

Persian: لاشه‎‎ (lâše) ("corpse")

Dari: لاش‎‎ (lâš) ("corpse")

Sindhi: لاشَ‎‎ (lāś) ("corpse")

Urdu: لاش‎‎ (lāś) ("corpse")

Bengali: লাশ (laś) ("corpse")

Hindi: लाश (lāś) ("corpse")

Urdu: لاش‎ (lāš), لاشہ‎ (lāša) ("corpse")

Armenian: լաշ (laš) ("corpse")

Middle Armenian: լաշ (laš) ("corpse")

Polish: las ("forest, woods")


LA- LE-

Scanian: læj ("corpse")


LES-

---> Ottoman Turkish: لاش‎ (leş), لاشه‎ (lâşe) ("corpse")

---> Turkish: leş, lâşe, laşe ("corpse")

---> Crimean Tatar: leş ("corpse")

---> Georgian: ლეში (leši) ("corpse")

---> Azerbaijani: leş, ləş ("corpse")

Albanian: lesh ("corpse")

Armenian: լեշ (leš) ("corpse")

Aromanian: leșŭ ("corpse")

Bulgarian: леш (leš) ("corpse")

Byzantine Greek: λέσι (lési) ("corpse")

Greek: λέσι (lési) ("corpse")

Romanian: leș ("corpse")

Serbo-Croatian: леш, leš ("corpse")

Belarusian: лес (ljes) ("forest, woods")

Russian: лес (les) ("forest, woods")

Old Church Slavonic: лѣсъ ⰾⱑⱌⱏ (lěsŭ) ("forest, woods")

Bulgarian: лес (les) ("forest, woods")

Serbo-Croatian: ле̑с, лије̑с, lȇs, lijȇs ("forest, woods")

Slovene: les ("forest, woods")

Czech: les ("forest, woods")

Slovak: les ("forest, woods")

Lower Sorbian: lěs ("forest, woods")

Upper Sorbian: lěs ("forest, woods")


LEIH-

Middle High German: leich ("corpse")

Plautdietsch: Leich, Leiche ("corpse")

German: Leiche ("corpse")

Luxembourgish: Läich ("corpse")


LEIK-

Gutnish: leik ("corpse")

Gothic: 𐌻𐌴𐌹𐌺 (leik) ("corpse")


LIEK-

Saterland Frisian: Lieke ("corpse")


LIH-

Old High German: līh ("corpse")

Middle Low German: līch ("corpse")

Central Franconian: Lich ("corpse")

Russian: Лихо (Liho) ("demon of misfortune, despair")

Belarusian: лі́ха (Liha) ("demon of misfortune, despair")

Polish: licho ("demon of misfortune, despair")

Czech: lichý ("odd number, idle, vain")


LIK- LICH-

---> Uzbek: oʻlik ("corpse")

---> Northern Sami: liika ("corpse")

Old Frisian: līk ("corpse")

Old Saxon: līk ("corpse")

Old Norse: lík ("corpse")

Icelandic: lík ("corpse")

Faroese: lík ("corpse")

Norn: lik ("corpse")

Norwegian: lik ("corpse")

Old Swedish: līk ("corpse")

Swedish: lik ("corpse")

Old Danish: līk ("corpse")

Middle Dutch: lijc ("corpse")

Dutch: lijk ("corpse")

Afrikaans: lyk ("corpse")

West Frisian: lyk ("corpse")

Scots: lyke ("corpse")

Danish: lig ("corpse")

Old English: līc, līċ ("corpse")

Middle English: lich ("corpse")

English: lich ("corpse")


LIS-

Ukrainian: ліс (lis) ("forest")




TRUP-

Belarusian: труп (trup) ("trunk of a tree, torso, corpse")

Russian: труп (trup) ("corpse, body")

Ukrainian: труп (trup) ("corpse")

Bulgarian: труп (trup) ("trunk of a tree, torso, corpse")

Macedonian: труп (trup) ("trunk of a tree, torso, corpse")

Serbo-Croatian: тру̑п, trup ("torso, trunk, body")

Slovene: trȗp ("trunk of a tree, torso, corpse")

Czech: trup ("torso, trunk, body")

Polish: trup ("corpse")

Slovak: trup ("trunk of a tree, torso, corpse")

Old Prussian: trupis ("log")

Lithuanian: traupus ("fragile, brittle")

Albanian: trup ("body")

Megleno-Romanian: trup ("body")

Romanian: trup ("body")


Article published on the 30th of October 2018.


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