Indo-European Connection LogoINDO-EUROPEAN  CONNECTIONIndo-European Connection Logo
Indo-European Connection LogoIndo-European Connection LogoIndo-European Connection LogoINDO-EUROPEAN  CONNECTIONIndo-European Connection LogoIndo-European Connection LogoIndo-European Connection Logo


indo-european cruor krew kraujas kravis icon

Latin "cruor", Slavic "krev", Welsh "creu", Lithuanian "kraujas". All those words mean "blood".

Indo-European word connected to this topic denoted something "raw, bloody, uncooked" or "meaty".

Sanskrit words "रौधिर (raudhira)" = "bloody" and "रुधिर (rudhira)" = "blood-red" are connected to the Indo-European color RED just like Lithuanian "raudonas" or Slavic "rudy".

If we swap H with K in Old English "hrǣw" we get "krǣw" very similar to Welsh "crau (krau)".

Old English, Old Saxon, Old High German and Old Norse all kept the initial H which was dropped in the descendant languages. That initial H came most probably from K.


Sanskrit: क्रविस् (kravis), क्रव्य (kravyá) ("raw flesh")

Lithuanian: kraujas

Samogitian: kraus

Old Prussian: krawian

Welsh: crau

Polabian: krâi

Bulgarian: кръв (krǎv)


Old English: hrǣw, hrēaw, hrēow, hrā ("raw")

Old Saxon: hrāo ("raw")

Old High German: hrāo ("raw")

Old Norse: hrár ("raw")

Icelandic: hrár ("raw")


Belarusian: кроў (kroŭ)

Russian: кровь (krovʹ)

Ukrainian: кров (krov)

Old Cornish: crow

Cornish: krow

Irish: cró ("blood, gore")


Polabian Drevani: karroy


Sanskrit: क्रूर (krura) ("bloody")

Latin: crūdus ("raw, bloody, uncooked")

Old Irish: crú

English: crude

English: cruel

Greek: κρέας (kréas) ("meat")

Old Church Slavonic: крꙑ ⰽⱃⱏⰺ (kry)

Slovene: krȋ

Old Polish: kry

Macedonian: крв (krv)

Serbo-Croatian: кр̑в, kȓv

Slovak: krv

Molise Croatian: krv

Czech: krev

Kashubian: krew

Polish: krew

Latvian: kreve ("coagulated blood")

Upper Sorbian: krej

Middle Welsh: creu


Lower Sorbian: kšej


---> Finnish: raaka ("raw")

Middle English: ra, rau, raw ("raw")

Scots: rau, raw

English: raw

West Frisian: rau ("raw")

Dutch: rauw ("raw")

Middle High German: rā, rō, rou ("raw")

Faroese: ráur ("raw")

Old Swedish: rār ("raw")

Old Danish: ("raw")

Saterland Frisian: räi ("raw")

Old High German: rāo ("raw")

Middle Dutch: raeu ("raw")

Scanian: aráer ("raw")

Gothic: 𐍂𐌰𐌿𐌷𐍄𐌾𐌰𐌽 (rauhtjan) ("to become angry, rage against")


Old High German: ("raw")

Middle Low German: ("raw")

German: roh ("raw")

Swedish: ("raw")

Danish: ("raw")

Elfdalian: ("raw")

Norwegian: ("raw")

Gutnish: råar ("raw")


Luxembourgish: réi ("raw")

Article published on the 30th of October 2018.