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BROTHER

indo-european brother icon

One interesting fact is that the English word "pal" comes from a Romani word "phral" which simply means "a brother".



BRA-

Sanskrit: भ्रातृ (bhrā́tṛ)

Czech: bratr

Upper Sorbian: bratr

Avestan: brātar

Old Church Slavonic: братръ ⰱⱃⰰⱅⱃⱏ (bratrŭ), братъ (bratŭ)

Mysian: βρατεραις (braterais) (dat.pl.)

Phrygian: βρατερε (bratere) (dat.sg.)

Lydian: brafrsis

Latvian: brātarītis

Old Prussian: brāti

Latvian: brālis

Belarusian: брат (brat)

Russian: брат (brat)

Rusyn: брат (brat)

Ukrainian: брат (brat)

Bulgarian: брат (brat)

Macedonian: брат (brat)

Serbo-Croatian: бра̏т brȁt

Slovene: brȁt

Kashubian: brat

Polish: brat

Silesian: brat

Slovak: brat

Lower Sorbian: bratš

Old Persian: 𐎲𐎼𐎠𐎫𐎠 (brātā)

Middle Welsh: brawt

Welsh: brawd

Old Irish: bráthair

Irish: bráthair

Manx: braar

Scottish Gaelic: bràthair

Khotanese: brāte

Tumshuqese: brāḍe

Bactrian: ϐραδο (βrād), ϐαραδο (βərād)

Chorasmian: βrʾd /βrād/

Sogdian: ᵊβrāt(ər)

Sogdian: bratr

Northern Kurdish: bra, bira

Central Kurdish: برا‎ (b(i)ra)

Southern Kurdish: برا‎ (b(i)ra)

Laki: برا‎ (b(i)ra)

Zazaki: brâ

Baluchi: برات‎ (barát), برادر‎ (barādar)

Manichaean: brʾd /brād/ brʾdr /brādar/


BHA-

Bengali: ভাই (bhai)

Konkani: भाव (bhāv)

Old Marathi: bhāū

Marathi: भाऊ (bhāū)

Gujarati: ભાઈ (bhāī)

Hindi: भाई (bhāī), भैया (bhaiyā)

Old Armenian: եղբայր (ełbayr), genitive եղբաւր (ełbawr)

Tajik: бародар (barodar)

Iranian Persian: برادر‎ (birādar, barādar)


BRO-

Lithuanian: broterėlis

Lithuanian: brolis, brotis

Polabian: brot

Old Breton: brotr

Cornish: broder

Old English: brōþor

Middle English: brother

English: brother

Old Frisian: brōther

North Frisian Söl'ring: Bröðer

North Frisian Hallig: bröör

North Frisian Southern Goesharder: brööðer

North Frisian Saterland Frisian: Brour, Bruur

West Frisian: broer

Old Saxon: brōthar

Middle Low German: brōder

German Low German: Broor, Broder

Plautdietsch: Brooda

Middle Dutch: broeder

Dutch: broeder, broer

Afrikaans: broeder, broer

North Frisian Bökingharde: brouder

Limburgish: broor

Old Norse: bróðir

Icelandic: bróðir

Faroese: bróðir

Norwegian: bror, broder

Old Swedish: brōþir

Swedish: broder, bror

Danish: bror, broder

Gutnish: bródar, brór

Gothic: 𐌱𐍂𐍉𐌸𐌰𐍂 (brōþar)

Yola: brover, brower


BRU-

Old High German: bruoder

Middle High German: bruoder

Alemannic German: Brüeder, briöder, bruder, brueder, bröder

German: Bruder

Luxembourgish: Bruder

Pennsylvania German: Bruder

Vilamovian: brüder

Norn: brui

North Frisian Fering: bruder

North Frisian Halunder: Bruur

Crimean Gothic: bruder

Scots: bruther, bruder, broder, brither


BREU-

Middle Breton: breuzr

Breton: breur


FRA-

Latin: frāter

Oscan: 𐌚𐌓𐌀𐌕𐌓𐌞𐌌 (fratrúm)

Umbrian: frater

Venetic: fhraterei

Albanian: frat (religious)

Aromanian: frati, frate

Neapolitan: fràte

Proto-Romanian: fratre

Romanian: frate

Corsican: frateddu

Sicilian: frati, frateddu

Italian: fratello, frate

Friulian: fradi

Galician: frade, frei

Sardinian: fràde

Old French: fradre, fredre, frere

Venetian: fradel, fradelo

Old Portuguese: frade, freire

Portuguese: frade, freire

Catalan: frare, frari, flare, flari, fraire

Franco-Provençal: frâre

Istriot: fra

English: fra

Occitan: fraire

Romansch: frar

Spanish: fraile, fray


FR-

Dalmatian: frutro

Middle French: frere

French: frère

Norman: fréthe

Istro-Romanian: fråte


P-

Tocharian A: pracar

Tocharian B: procer

Bavarian: pruadar, prueder, pruider

Cimbrian: pruudar, pruadar

Attic and Koine Greek: φρᾱ́τηρ (phrā́tēr)

Doric Greek: φρᾱτήρ (phrātḗr)

Ionic Greek: φρήτηρ (phrḗtēr)

Romani: phral

Angloromani: phal

----> English: pal


V-

Yagnobi: vⁱrṓt

Ishkashimi: vru, vrud

Sanglechi: vrud

Roshani: virōd

Shughni: virōd

Yazgulyam: vrád, vərád

Pashto: ورور‎ (wror) رور‎ (ror)


Article published on the 30th of October 2018.


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