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indo-european bone osteon os kost icon

Tocharian B word "āk" had a meaning of "ear of grain". The word for "ear of grain" in Russian is "ость" (ost'), which is the same as Polish "ość" which denotes a "fishbone".

The shape of "ear of grain" truly resembles that of a "fishbone".

Latin "arista" (?asista) means exactly "awn" (beard of grain) and "ear of grain".

Latin "agna" means "ear of wheat", Lithuanian "ašnìs" is "edge, blade", Czech "osina" is "awn", Ancient Greek "ἄκαινα (ákaina)" is "spike, prick" and "ἄκανος (ákanos)" is "pine-thistle", Sanskrit "अशनि (aśáni)" is "thunderbolt, arrow tip".

All of those words direct us to the root of the Indo-European word for "bone" taken from something like "blade or a sharp object" or in general something that looks like "ear of grain".

Lithuanian "akuotas" is the best proof of this theory because it means: "awn, barb, BEARD and fishbone".

Basque word for bone "hezur" might also be related and would come from the language of Early European Farmers (AHG + WHG) or Bell Beaker Culture (Y-DNA R1b Indo-European) as opposed to Germanic "bone" from pure WHG (Y-DNA I1).


Ancient Greek: ὀστέον (ostéon)

Greek: οστό (ostó)

Latin: os

Catalan: os

French: os

Galician: óso

Occitan: òs

Portuguese: osso

Romanian: os

Romansch: oss

Sardinian: ossu

Sicilian: ossu

Istro-Romanian: os

Italian: osso

Venetian: oso

Aromanian: os

Polish: ość (os't') ("fishbone")

Old Armenian: ոսկր (oskr)

Armenian: ոսկոր (oskor)

Persian: استخوان‎ (ostohân)


---> Estonian: koht, kont

Serbo-Croatian: кост, kost

Belarusian: костка (kostka)

Slavic Macedonian: коска (koska)

Albanian: koskë, kockë

Polish: kość

Bulgarian: кост (kost)

Czech: kost

Russian: кость (kost')

Slovenian: kosti

Slovak: kosť


Latvian: kauls

Lithuanian: kaulas

Old Prussian: kaulan


Hittite: ḫa-aš-ta-a-i /ḫaštāi/, hasti-, ha-as-ti-i-as (genitive, "bone's")

Luwian: ḫāš-, ḫa-a-aš-ša /ḫāšša, hassa-/


Kurdish: hestî


Sanskrit: अस्थि (ásthi)

Hindi: अस्थि (ásthi)

Telugu: asthi

Urdu: استھ‎ (ásthi)

Avestan: asti

Persian: است‎ (ast)

Tocharian B: āsta ("bones")

Albanian: asht, ahstë

Latvian: asaka ("fishbone")

Lithuanian: ašaka ("fishbone")

Welsh: asgwrn, ais, asen

Old Irish: asna

Scottish Gaelic: asna

Tocharian B: āy


Old Prussian: ackons ("fishbone, awn")


Megleno-Romanian: uos

Mirandese: uosso

Istriot: uosso

Aragonese: güeso

Asturian: güesu

Spanish: hueso

Dalmatian: vuas

Friulian: vues


Irish: easna

Kamviri: âṭi

Romansch: ies

Article created on the 9th of June 2018.