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Sanskrit word "कृष्ण (kṛṣṇá)" means black but also dark-blue (which is often confounded with black by the Hindus).

That Sanskrit word is also a root for the name of the lord Krishna as his skin is dark-blue or black.

In Old Norse the color of the crows was both described as blue and black.

Ancient Greek word "malas" meaning "black" but also "evil" could be connected to the process of melting and crushing. Showing this what has remained after the fire or burning of wood namely black burnt pieces. Check out the Miller article and its MAL section of words to see the even deeper connection.


Sanskrit: कृष्ण (kṛṣṇá)

  • black, dark, dark-blue, wicked, evil
  • the dark half of the lunar month from full to new moon
  • the fourth or कलियुग (kali-yuga)
  • the antelope
  • a kind of animal feeding on carrion, a crow
  • blackness, darkness, the black part of the eye
  • the black spots on the moon
  • a kind of demon or spirit of darkness
  • black pepper, black Aquilaria (syn. Agallochum)
  • iron, lead, antimony, blue vitriol

Kalasha: kríṣna

Old Prussian: kirsnan

Lithuanian: kirsnas ("black horse")


Old Church Slavonic: чрънъ ⱍⱃⱏⱀⱏ (črŭnŭ)

Macedonian: црн (crn)

Serbo-Croatian: цр̑н, чрн, чарн, cȓn, črn, čarn

Slovene: čŕn


Belarusian: чо́рны (čórny)

Russian: чёрный (čórnyj)

Rusyn: чо́рный (čórnŷj)

Ukrainian: чо́рний (čórnyj)

Kashubian: czôrny

Silesian: czorny

Upper Sorbian: čorny

Polabian Drevani: czorna

Aromanian: cioarã ("crow")

Aromanian: tsoarã ("crow")

Aromanian: corbu ("raven")

Romanian: cioară ("crow", probably of Dacian origin)

Friulian: çore ("crow")


Albanian: sorrë ("crow")


Polish: czarny

Lower Sorbian: carny


---> Turkish: kara

Sanskrit: कार्ष्ण्य (kārṣṇya) ("blackness")

Polish: kary ("black horse")

Greek: καράς (karas) ("black horse")

Ukrainian: карий (karyj) ("black horse")


Pali: kaṇha


Bulgarian: черен (čeren)

Czech: černý

Slovak: čierny


Persian: کرسنه‎ (kersne) ("dirt, dirty")

Persian: قرسنه‎ (qeresne) ("dirt, dirty")


Sicilian: ciaula ("crow")

Old East Slavic: чьрнъ (čĭrnŭ)


Sanskrit: मलिन (malina) ("black")

Sanskrit: मल (mala) ("dirt, filth, dust")

Old High German: mālōn ("to paint, to draw")

German: malen ("to paint")

Old English: mal ("spot on the skin, mark, spot")

Latin: malus ("unpleasant, distressing, painful, nasty, bad, unpleasant to the senses, sight, smell, taste, touch, bad, evil, wicked, mischievous ")

Champaignat: mau ("bad, evil")

Portuguese: mau ("bad, evil")

Asturian: malu ("bad, evil")

Catalan: mal ("bad, evil")

English: malus ("bad, evil")

French: mal ("bad, evil")

Friulian: mâl ("bad, evil")

Italian: malo ("bad, evil")

Occitan: mal ("bad, evil")

Romansch: mal, mel ("bad, evil")

Sardinian: malu ("bad, evil")

Sicilian: malu ("bad, evil")

Spanish: malo ("bad, evil")

Danish: male ("to paint")

Czech: malovat ("to paint")

Polish: malować ("to paint")

Slovak: maľovať ("to paint")

Ukrainian: малювати (malûvati)

Russian: малевать (malevatʹ) ("to paint")

Polish: malina ("raspberry")

Gothic: 𐌼𐌰𐌹𐌻 (mail) ("spot, mark, blemish")


Avestan: mairiia ("treacherous")


Greek: μαύρος (mávros) ("spot, mark, blemish")


English: mole ("spot on the skin")

Old Armenian: մող (moł) ("crooked, twisted, bent")

Old Armenian: մոլիմ (molim) ("to become mad, to lose one's senses")

Swedish: måla ("to paint")

Vilamovian: möła ("to paint")

Saterland Frisian: Moal ("spot, mark, blemish")


Jatvingian: mełno

Latvian: melns

Lithuanian: mėlynas ("blue")

Ancient Greek: μέλαν (melan) ("ink")

Old Prussian: melne ("blue spot, bruise")

Ancient Greek: μέλας (mélas) ("dark in color, black, evil, obscure, indistinct, causing black secretions")

Lithuanian: melas ("a lie")

Old Irish: mell ("destruction")

Old Armenian: մեղ (meł) ("sin, crime")

Old Armenian: մեղմեխ (mełmex) ("insinuating, insincere, deceitful, fraudulent, wicked, malicious")

Armenian: մեղք (mełkʿ) ("sin, fault")

Middle Low German: meil ("spot, mark, blemish")

Old High German: meil, meila ("spot, mark, blemish")

Middle High German: meil, meile ("spot, mark, blemish")

German: Meil ("spot, mark, blemish")


Dalmatian: mul ("bad, evil")

Non Indo-European languages:

Japanese: 黒 (kuro) ("black")

Mongolian: хар (har) ("black")

Article published on the 30th of October 2018.

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